Thursday, 3 December 2020

Bangladesh Nationalist Party

 





The Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) is one of the major political parties in Bangladesh . 1978 1 September , President Ziaur Rahman, the group was founded. On 30 April 1967, Ziaur Rahman launched a 19-point program aimed at civilianizing his regime. When Zia decided that he would run for president, the Nationalist Democratic Party (Jagdal) was formed under his leadership . The coordinator of this group was Justice Abdus Sattar .





History





Establishment





Ziaur Rahman is the founder of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party





Zia formed the Bangladesh Nationalist Party ahead of the parliamentary elections . Jagdal was merged with BNP. President Zia was the coordinator of this group and served as the first chairman of this group. Prof AQM joined his party 's first secretary general. Zia's party had all kinds of people, left, right, moderate. The most important feature of the BNP was its recruitment system. About 45 percent of the members were not only new to politics, they were young. At 5 pm on September 1, 1977, the then President Ziaur Rahman, the founder of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party, started the journey of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party by reading an official declaration at a press conference at Ramna Restaurant. In the crowded press conference, he answered various questions of the journalists for about two hours in addition to reading the manifesto. At the press conference, as the chairman of the convening committee of the new party, he first announced the names of 18 members and on September 19 announced the convening committee of 6 members including those 18 members. It should be noted here that before the formation of the BNP, the Nationalist Democratic Party (Jagdal)Another party was formed under the chairmanship of the then Vice President Justice Abdus Sattar. With the aim of forming a new party on 27 August 1986, at an extended meeting of the Jagdal, the party was declared dissolved and all members of the party and its affiliates decided to join the new party announced by Ziaur Rahman.





Below is the full list of the party's first convening committee:





Convener: Ziaur Rahman .





Members: 1. Justice Abdus Sattar





2. Mashiur Rahman Jadu Mia





3. Mohammad Ullah





4. Shah Azizur Rahman





5. Captain (Retd.) Abdul Halim Chowdhury





. Rasraj Mandal





. Abdul Monem Khan





Jamal Uddin Ahmed





9. Dr. AQM Badruddoza Chowdhury





10. Mirza Golam Hafiz





11. Captain (Retd.) Nurul Haque





12. Saifur Rahman





13. KM Obaidur Rahman





14. Moudud Ahmed





15. Shamsul Huda Chowdhury





16. Enayetullah Khan





16. SA Bari it





16. Dr. Amina Rahman





19. Abdur Rahman





20. Dr. MA Matin





21. Abdul Alim





22. Barrister Abul Hasnat





23. Anwar Hossain Monju





24. Nur Mohammad Khan





25. Abdul Karim





26. Shamsul Bari





26. Mujibur Rahman





26. Dr. Faridul Huda





29. Sheikh Ali Ashraf





30. Abdur Rahman Biswas





31. Barrister Abdul Haque





32. Imran Ali Sarkar





33. Dewan Sirajul Haque





34. Emdadur Rahman





35. Advocate Afsar Uddin





36. Kabir Chowdhury





36. Dr. MR Khan





36. Captain (Retd.) Sujat Ali





39. Snow Kanti Barbie





40. Sunil Gupta





41. Rezaul Bari Dina





42. Anisur Rahman





43. Abul Kashem





44. Mansur Ali Sarkar





45. Abdul Hamid Chowdhury





46. Mansur Ali





46. Shamsul Haque





46. Khandaker Abdul Hamid





49. Zulmat Ali Khan





50. Advocate Nazmul Huda





51. Mahbub Ahmed





52. Abu Saeed Khan





53. Mohammad Ismail





54. Sirajul Haque Montu





55. Shah Badrul Haque





57. Abdur Rauf





57. Moraduzzaman





57. Zahiruddin Khan





59. Sultan Ahmed Chowdhury





60. Shamsul Huda





61. Saleh Ahmed Chowdhury





72. Afsar Ahmed Siddiqui





63. Tariqul Islam





64. Anwarul Haque Chowdhury





65. Mainuddin Ahmed





. MA Sattar





. Haji Jalal





. Ahmad Ali Mandal





69. Shahed Ali





60. Abdul Wadud





61. Shah Abdul Halim





72. Barrister Muhammad Zamiruddin Sarkar





63. Atauddin Khan





64. Abdur Razzak Chowdhury





65. Ahmed Ali.





Formation of government





The Bangladesh Nationalist Party was in power for the longest time in independent Bangladesh. After the democratization of 1990, the BNP won two of the four parliamentary elections in the country. In the 1991 general election, the BNP won 142 seats. They formed the government with the support of Jamaat-e-Islami . As a result, the BNP left 26 of the 30 reserved women's seats to itself and gave the remaining two to Jamaat. In the 2001 elections, four parties, including the BNP, won about two-thirds of the seats.





The government is led by Ziaur Rahman





After the death of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and his family on 15 August 1975, Bangladesh was ruled by an unelected government for almost three years. At that time the then army chief Major General Ziaur Rahman took charge of running the country. The second parliamentary elections were held in 1989 when he was president. In this election Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) won 206 out of 296 seats. Malek Ukil-led Awami League 39 and Mizanur Rahman Chowdhury took part in the electionThe Awami League won 2 seats. Besides, Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal won 7 seats, National Awami Party won 1 seat and Muslim Democratic League won 20 seats. Just two years after taking power, Ziaur Rahman was assassinated in an assassination attempt by then-Vice President Justice Abdus Sattar. Later, in 1973, Sattar was removed and the then Army Chief General Hussein Muhammad Ershad became the President.





The government is headed by Justice Abdus Sattar





In September 1971, the Election Commission changed the earlier announced date of the Presidential Election from 15 September to 15 November. Although 63 candidates filed nominations, in the end 39 candidates contested for the post of President. The number of voters in the election was 3,90,51,014. Elected BNP candidate, ruling interim President Abdus Sattar Awami League candidate. He defeated Kamal Hossain by a margin of 65,22,617 votes. Independent candidate Maulana Hafezi Huzur came third with 3,7,215 votes. Other candidates including General Osmani, Major Jalil, Professor Mozaffar Ahmed lost their bail. The Bangladesh Awami League alleged that the election results were pre-planned.





On November 20, Justice Abdus Sattar was sworn in as President at the Bangabhaban court. November 22, President Sattar said. MN Huda was appointed vice president and formed a new 42-member cabinet on 26 November. 





First government led by Khaleda Zia (5th National Parliament)





Hussein Muhammad Ershad was forced to resign on December 6, 1990, when protests from all walks of life turned into a sea of ​​people. According to the three-point outline, the fifth parliamentary elections were held on 26 February 1991 under the leadership of Chief Justice Sahabuddin Ahmed. In this election BNP won most of the seats. With this election, the journey of democracy started for the first time in the country. This government, after ruling the country for five years, organized the elections of the Sixth Parliament on 15 February 1996 without handing over power. As the Awami League boycotted this election, the seventh parliamentary election was held on 12 June of the same year. The Awami League came to power by gaining a majority in this election. Sheikh Hasina became the Prime Minister for the first time on behalf of this party which came to power 21 years after the death of Bangabandhu.





Second government led by Khaleda Zia (Sixth Parliament)





On 15 February 1996, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party , led by Begum Khaleda Zia , threatened the democracy gained through the 1991 anti-authoritarian movement and formed a government for the second time by holding one-party elections. The term of this government was only 45 days.





Third government led by Khaleda Zia (8th Parliament)





In the 8th parliamentary elections of 2001, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party formed a government with a single majority led by Khaleda Zia. The four-party alliance came to power with a total of 210 seats. During this time, there were several movements in Kansat, Chapainawabganj, such as the brutal killing of more than 10 villagers by the police, the movement of the general public demanding electricity and water at the Shani Akhra in Dhaka. There were also incidents of looting of relief items from government relief funds by government party MPs. After the expiration of the legitimate term of this government on October 6, 2006, a massive political conflict started in the country with the transfer of power. As the situation deteriorated, on January 11, 2007, the President declared a state of emergency across the country. And from this time until last December 29, Dr. managed the country for about two years . Fakhruddin AhmedLed caretaker government. The Bangladesh Awami League, led by Sheikh Hasina, won the ninth general election on December 29 with 230 seats under the supervision of this government . In this election Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) got only 29 seats and Jatiya Party won 26 seats.





Movement





After the death of Ziaur Rahman , Justice Abdus Sattar was elected President. But Army Chief Ershad overthrew him and imposed martial law in the country. The BNP refused to take power and started a movement against Ershad. After almost 9 years of agitation, all political parties including BNP ousted Hussain Muhammad Ershad . Then in the 1991 elections BNP formed the government. On 15 February 1996, the BNP held a one-party election and re-elected with the participation of all parties in the hands of a non-partisan caretaker government in the face of mass agitation. The BNP lost the election and emerged as the largest opposition party in the country. BNP Awami League from 1996 to 2001Movement against the government. Although this movement was not very successful, the BNP was elected in the 2001 elections with an absolute majority.





Anti-Ershad movement





BNP led by Begum Khaleda Zia played a leading role in the movement against the dictatorial Ershad government. Ershad formed an 8-party alliance in the anti-Ershad movement . As part of the movement, the BNP boycotted two parliamentary elections and all local government elections held during Ershad's tenure. The BNP's student organization Bangladesh Jatiyatabadi Chhatra Dal played an important role in this movement . Khaleda Zia, who did not compromise with the dictator Ershad, is called an uncompromising leader. Hussein Muhammad Ershad was forced to resign on December 6, 1990 in a mass movement of all opposition parties, including the BNP.





Formation of seven-party alliance





In the 1990s, BNP leader Begum Khaleda Zia formed an eight-party alliance to protest against Ershad's military rule.  Coalition parties:





  1. Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP)
  2. National Democratic Party (Jagpa)
  3. Progressive Nationalist Party (PNP)
  4. Bangladesh Muslim League
  5. Democratic League
  6. United People's Party (UPP)
  7. National Democratic Party (NDP)





Formation of four-party alliance





Before the 8th parliamentary elections in 1999, BNP, Jamaat-e-Islami , Jatiya Party and Islami Oikya Jote formed a four-party unity alliance. But a few days later a section of the Jatiya Party led by Ershad left the party. But the pro- Nazi Rahman Manzur faction remained in the alliance. Allied parties:





  1. Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP)
  2. Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh
  3. Bangladesh Jatiya Party
  4. Islamic Unity Alliance





Formation of twenty party alliance





On April 17, 2012, the BNP merged with other political parties to form an 18-party alliance. The BNP's allies in this alliance include the four-party Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami , Bangladesh Jatiya Party (BJP), Islami Oikya Jot and the newly joined Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) , Bangladesh Kalyan Party , Jatiya Ganatantrik Party (Jagpa), Khilafah Majlis , Jamiat Ulama Islam Bangladesh. , Bangladesh Muslim League (BML) , National People's Party (NPP), National Democratic Party (NDP), Bangladesh Labor Party, Islamic Party, NAP Bhasani , Democratic League (DL) and People's League. Subsequently in phasesWhen the Jatiya Party (Qazi Zafar) and the Communist Party of Bangladesh joined, the alliance was transformed into a twenty-party alliance .





Allied parties:





  1. Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP)
  2. Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami
  3. Liberal Democratic Party (LDP)
  4. Jatiya Party (Qazi Zafar)
  5. Bangladesh Jatiya Party - BJP
  6. Islamic Unity
  7. Khilafat Majlis
  8. National Democratic Party-Jagpa
  9. Bangladesh Welfare Party
  10. Bangladesh National Awami Party-Bangladesh NAP
  11. Jamiat Ulamaye Islam Bangladesh
  12. Bangladesh Muslim League-BML
  13. National People's Party-NPP
  14. National Democratic Party-NDP
  15. Bangladesh Labor Party
  16. Bangladesh Islamic Party
  17. National Awami Party - NAP Bhasani
  18. Democratic League
  19. People's League
  20. Communist Party of Bangladesh





Current leadership





Khaleda Zia, wife of former President Ziaur Rahman , is currently leading the BNP . Begum Zia is the first female Prime Minister of Bangladesh and the second female Prime Minister of the Muslim world. He has won five seats in each election. Former parliamentary whip and senior leader Khandaker Delwar Hossain has been the party's secretary general since 2008 . But after he died of a geriatric disease in March 2011, senior joint secretary general Mirza Fakhrul Islam AlamgirThe party is given the responsibility of secretary general. Mirza Fakhrul Islam, widely recognized as a clean politician of Bangladesh for his long and successful tenure as the Acting Secretary General, was appointed as the 8th Secretary General of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party-BNP on Wednesday, March 30, 2018. He is currently serving as the secretary general of the BNP.





Break up the team





After its establishment, the BNP faced many breakdowns. Some of its founders left the party after the death of Ziaur Rahman. The Moudud Ahmed is one. After the 2001 elections, Professor AQM Badruddoza Chowdhury, the party's first secretary general, was nominated by the BNP to become the country's president. But for some reason the BNP distanced itself from Badruddoza Chowdhury. As a result, after being president for about six months. Chowdhury resigned. He formed a new political party Bikalpadhara Bangladesh with a section of BNP . Just before the expiration of the term of the 8th National Assembly in 2008, one of the founders of the BNP, Colonel (Retd.) Dr. Oli Ahmed Bir BikramHe left the BNP along with some leaders and activists of the BNP government, ministers and members of parliament and merged with the alternative movement of Professor Badruddoza Chowdhury to form the new political party Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). Formed.





Principles





The BNP's goal was economic development, democratization, national unity on the basis of Bangladeshi nationalism and the emergence of self-reliance among the people. On the basis of these, Ziaur Rahman declared his 19-point . The main basis of BNP politics was-  





  1. Full faith and trust in the Creator
  2. Bangladeshi nationalism
  3. Democracy
  4. Socialism in the sense of economic and social justice





Party slogan





"The first Bangladesh is my last Bangladesh,





Life Bangladesh is my death Bangladesh. "





"Long live Bangladesh"





Purpose and goal





The aims and objectives of the nationalist party have been described in detail in the manifesto. Briefly, some of the basic goals and objectives of this group are described below:





(A) To secure and consolidate the independence, sovereignty, security, state integrity and democracy of Bangladesh through the hard-core steel-based mass unity based on Bangladeshi nationalism.





(B) Achieving humane economic development and national prosperity based on social justice through the politics of production, free market economy and people's democracy.





(C) To make the people in the villages aware and well-organized on the basis of nationalist unity and to impart to the people the power and skill of composing and implementing overall development oriented plans and projects.





(D) To create a conducive environment where the roots of democracy are firmly rooted in the minds of the vast majority of the people at the basic level of society.





(E) Ensuring a clear and stable social and political system through which the people themselves can bring about their human, social and economic development.





(F) To establish stable democracy and bring balanced national development and prosperity through a parliamentary system of government elected by direct vote of the people on the basis of multi-party politics.





(G) To firmly establish the foundation of the People's Elected National Parliament as a safeguard of the democratic way of life and democratic rule of law and to protect the fundamental rights of the people.





(H) Denial of the activities of political secret organizations and formation of any armed cadre, party or agency and creation of public opinion against it.





(I) Revival of humane social values ​​in national life and bringing back the sense of creative productive life.





(J) Establishment of a balanced economy based on justice in the national life through a practical and effective development process so that all Bangladeshi citizens have the opportunity to meet the minimum human needs of food, clothing, health, housing and education.





(K) To give priority to the overall rural development program and to ensure the happiness, peace and prosperity of rural Bengal through active mass efforts.





(L) To make proper use of all human resources including women society and youth community.





(M) Adopting realistic economic plans and establishing harmonious labor management relations and ensuring maximum productivity in the industry through fair labor policy.





(6) Preservation, development and promotion of Bengali language and literature, culture, culture and sports of Bangladesh.





(O) Preserving the age-old human values ​​of the people of Bangladesh by providing opportunities for Islam and other religious education to the vast majority of Bangladeshi people, expanding education especially for the underprivileged communities and making appropriate arrangements for their greater benefits and participation.





(P) To maintain international friendship, friendship and equality on the basis of alliance neutrality in foreign policy. To consolidate and strengthen friendly and allied relations with neighboring countries on the basis of sovereignty and equality, with the allies of the Third World and with the fraternal Muslim states.





Organizational structure





Nationalist parties are organized from the basic level of the country at the village / ward level to the national level. The organizational structure of the team is as follows:





  • Village Council and Village Executive Committee
  • City / Municipality Ward Council and City / Municipality Ward Executive Committee
  • Union Council and Union Executive Committee
  • Thana Council and Thana Executive Committee
  • City / Municipality Council and City Municipality Executive Committee
  • District Council and District Executive Committee
  • City / Ward Council and City Ward Executive Committee
  • Nagar Thana Council and Nagar Thana Executive Committee
  • City Council and City Executive Committee
  • National Council
  • National Executive Committee
  • National Standing Committee
  • Parliamentary Board
  • Parliamentary party
  • Branch of the team abroad





National unity





At the beginning of the formation of BNP, the country was divided in different ways. The basis of this division was political belief (left, right, moderate), pro- and anti-liberation forces. As a result, students, teachers, intellectuals, professionals, cultural activists, the military and even the administration were divided. The main basis of the establishment of the BNP was to forget all these divisions and take the country forward together. During Zia and Awami League president Sheikh Hasina , Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's death came first in the country and Awami League president Sheikh Hasina took office. At the same time , the Jamaat-e-Islami, a supporter of a united Pakistan, also became active in politics at this time. Many of their leaders who were out of the country after the liberation war were allowed to come to the country. Note that after the liberation warSheikh Mujibur Rahman's government declared amnesty for all parties and individuals who opposed the liberation war. However, those against whom the four charges of direct murder, rape, arson and looting have been made are not later covered by the amnesty. However, no comprehensive and effective action has ever been taken against them.





















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