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Thursday, 3 December 2020

Bangladesh National Museum

 





Bangladesh National Museum is a national museum located in Dhaka , the capital of Bangladesh . It was established on March 20, 1913, and was officially inaugurated on August 8 , 1913. It was given the status of National Museum on 16 November 1983 .





The museum is located near the Shahbagh junction next to Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University , Ramna Park and the Institute of Fine Arts . There are 44 separate galleries on anthropology , fine arts , history, nature and modern and ancient world-civilization, liberation war of Bangladesh etc. There is also an archive, library, auditorium, sinescape and film exhibition.





History 





The need to establish a museum in this country was first highlighted in " The Dhaka News '' on 1 November 1857. On 20 March 1913, the museum started functioning in the then Secretariat (now Dhaka Medical) with a fund of two thousand rupees. The Dhaka Museum was inaugurated by Lord Carmichael , the then Governor of Bengal, in a room of the then Secretariat. The journey of Dhaka Museum started on 7 August 1913 . The museum was opened to the public on August 25, 1914 . N Gupta was the first temporary curator of the Dhaka Museum . The first curator was Nalinikanta BhattasaliHe served from 1914 to 1948. The British government established a museum in this country as compensation for the abrogation of the Partition of Bengal. A state-of-the-art large-scale building for the Bangladesh National Museum was inaugurated in the Shahbag area on 16 November 1973 . The eight-built four-storey building on three acres of land across the 44-storey gallery. The establishment of the Bangladesh National Museum was designed by the country's renowned architect Syed Mainul Hossain .





The structure 





The categories of artefacts in the National Museum are:





  1. History and classical art
  2. Ethnography and the art of decoration
  3. Contemporary art and world civilization
  4. Department of Natural History
  5. Conservation Laboratory





There is also a public education department





Collected evidence 





The number of artefacts collected in the Bangladesh National Museum is about 94,000. Each pattern has an access number . A computer database has been compiled with the names and abbreviations of the patterns. In addition, work is underway to prepare and publish a printed descriptive catalog of the selected 7500 patterns. About 4,000 of the collected specimens are displayed in 43 exhibition halls for public viewing. Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra Exhibition Cell has been set up in Exhibition Room No. 37 . Besides, with the help of IFIC Bank and Drik , Shilpacharya Zainul Abedin visited Gallery No. 35.The gallery has been set up. Room 26 is reserved for visitors for various civic services. Since 2016, work is underway to build new galleries on Indian civilization in 45 galleries. At the same time, the work of setting the timeline of world civilization in 43 galleries is nearing completion.





Visitors 





On an average, more than 2000 visitors visit the Bangladesh National Museum every day. There are also foreigners among them. The amount of visit is 20 taka for adults and 10  taka  for minors. 500 for foreigners. However, visitors from SAARC countries will get access with a ticket of 300 taka.





Management structure 





The Bangladesh National Museum is an autonomous institution established by law and governed by a Board of Trustees. However, a director general appointed by the government is the overall executive of the museum. The Bangladesh National Museum currently has 330 staff members.The annual expenditure is about 29 crore taka.  





Museum under control





Museums in different parts of the country are being run under the control of Bangladesh National Museum. These are:





  1. Ahsan Manzil Museum, Dhaka.
  2. Shilpacharya Zainul Abedin Museum , Mymensingh.
  3. Osmani Museum , Sylhet.
  4. Zia Memorial Museum , Chittagong.
  5. Independence Museum , Suhrawardy Udyan, Dhaka.
  6. Rural Poet Jasim Uddin Collection Faridpur , Faridpur.
  7. Journalist Kangal Harinath Memorial Museum , Kushtia.
  8. Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Memorial MuseumGonobhaban, Dhaka.
  9. Four National Leaders Memorial Museum, Central Jail, Dhaka.





Besides, construction work of the Natural History Museum has been undertaken at Segunbagicha .













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