Thursday, 3 December 2020

Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League


Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League was a political front consisting of Bangladesh Awami League , Bangladesh Communist Party , Jatiya Awami Party (Mozaffar) and Jatiya League.   It is a now defunct controversial political party in Bangladesh, commonly referred to as Bakshal . The Fourth Amendment to the Constitution of Bangladesh on 24 January 1975 changed the system of multi-party parliamentary government to a presidential system of government  and abolished all political parties in the country and formed a single political party called Baksal . The party belonged to the Second RevolutionUnder the theory, the state, as part of the reform movement, favored socialism. Bakshal was the decision-making council for the purpose of the Second Revolution. 

When Sheikh Mujib died in a failed military coup on 15 August of the same year , all activities of the Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League came to a halt. Later, in 1977, when Ziaur Rahman took the initiative to reintroduce the multi-party political system , Bakshal's Kushilbara established and revived the former Bangladesh Awami League . As a result , there was no re-emergence of a political party called Baksal in the politics of Bangladesh .

Party system 

On 25 January 1975, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman introduced the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution. With this amendment, the existing parliamentary system of government in the country was abolished and the Baksal system was introduced. The bill was passed in Parliament within 15 minutes of its introduction. The Baksal system was a presidential system. On 24 February 1975, President Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman dissolved other political parties and formed a national political party called 'Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League' (Bakshal). Bangabandhu himself became the chairman of this party and M Mansur Ali became the secretary.


In the Baksal system, the chairman of the party is omnipotent.  The central bodies of the party are-

  • Executive committee
  • Central Committee
  • Council

The 15-member executive committee, including a general secretary, is the most powerful after the chairman. The chairman will nominate 15 people including the general secretary. (Sub-section 2 of Article 10 of the Bakshal Constitution). One-third of the Central Committee shall be nominated by the Chairman (Sub-section 4 (e) of Article XII). If any member post of any organization, body or committee becomes vacant, the Chairman shall appoint a new member there (Article 24, Sub-section). The chairman of the party council can nominate up to 50 people (sub-section 1 (f) of section 12). The sending of representatives to the Council shall be decided by the Executive Committee nominated by the Quota Chairmen of the various District and Organ Organizations (Sub-section 1 (c) of Section XII). Moreover, various government or semi-government offices or institutions, corporations, The will of the chairman of the party is paramount in the election of representatives of autonomous bodies and military and civilian forces (sub-section 10 of section 10 and sub-section 2 (b) of section 16). The Chairman may, if he so desires, change, amend and amend any section of the Constitution and only the Chairman may interpret the Constitution (Articles 1 and 2 of the Twentieth Century)


The matter of getting party members in the Baksal system is also at the discretion of the party chairman. Because the responsibility of the head of membership has been given to the executive committee. (Sixth section 5 (c) subsection). In this system, employees of government and semi-government organizations and members of the police military can also be members of the team. But who can and cannot become a member is entirely at the discretion of the Chairman (Section 10, Sub-section 10). In these cases, the executive committee nominated by the chairman will decide where the right to primary unit will be given and the number of members of the primary unit.


Under the Baksal system, there is no right to any non-partisan class and professional organization and mass organization. As soon as the trade union, he has to join the Bakshal's Angadal Sramik League. Apart from Jatiya Sramik League, Jatiya Krishak League, Jatiya Mahila League, Jatiya Juba League and Jatiya Chhatra League , there can be no workers, peasants, women, youth and student organizations in this system. And the above organizations are the organ organizations of Baksal (Article 18).


Although Bakshal's Kushilbara returned to politics after August 15 under the name "Bangladesh Awami League", Bakshal contested the elections in 198 with the symbol "boat" and in 1991 with the symbol "bicycle". Later, when most of the members of the party joined the Awami League, the party was finally dissolved.

Freedom of the press 

On June 6 , 1975, under the Baksal system, the declarations of all the newspapers except four dailies in the country were canceled. The four were Daily Ittefaq , Bangladesh Times , Daily Bangla and Bangladesh Observer .


This process came to a halt when Bangabandhu and his family were assassinated on August 15, 1975, immediately after the formation of Baksal. Indemnity law to stop its future judicial process after his murder Is issued. All the media in the state stopped showing Bangabandhu and talking about Bangabandhu. Bangabandhu has not been shown on radio and television for almost 20 years. The party of the military rulers did not stop there, they spread stories full of false and misleading information in the name of Bangabandhu and his family. Some of the intellectuals who have been reared by the military rulers have fulfilled the responsibility of this propaganda with great devotion. And those lies and confusions keep circulating in the country year after year. 1985 to 1996; For 20 long years, a generation has grown up hearing all these lies and misconceptions. In this way, they have made all possible efforts to erase all the achievements of Bangabandhu.Since this controversial regime has not seen the light of day, its consequences are still unknown.

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