Thursday, 3 December 2020

Bangladesh Chhatra League

 





Bangladesh Chhatra League is a major political student organization in Bangladesh. It was formed shortly after the emergence of East Bengal in the partition of India . It is recognized as a fraternal organization of Bangladesh Awami League .





History





Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman founded the Bangladesh Chhatra League on 4 January 1948 at the Assembly Hall of Fazlul Haque Hall of Dhaka University . At the time of its establishment it was called East Pakistan Muslim Chhatra League .  Since its inception, Bangladesh Chhatra League has played a leading role in various rights movements in Bangladesh at different times . Notable among them are the state language movement , right to education, establishment of Bengali autonomy, mass uprising, independence and freedom movement. Naimuddin Ahmed acted as the founding convener and Dabirul Islam was later nominated as its organizational president. Khaleq Newaz Khan was the founding general secretary of Chhatra League.





After the establishment of Bangladesh Chhatra League on 4 January 1948, the first mother tongue fought for Bengal. Bangladesh Chhatra League had a role in the language movement of 1952 as a continuation of the movement. The then East Pakistan Chhatra League played an important role in the 1954 United Front elections. Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was the youngest minister in the 1954 United Front elections, with Chhatra League being Bangabandhu's vanguard. Leaders and activists of the then East Pakistan Chhatra League played a leading role in the 1962 education movement.





Sheikh Mujibur Rahman demanded 6 points of 1966, which was the certificate of liberation of the Bengali nation. In this context, the independence movement of Bangladesh gained momentum. Bangabandhu was inspired by the movement of the leaders and workers of Chhatra League at that time.





The then East Pakistan Chhatra League played a historic role in the historic mass uprising of 1969 . In 1969, the students of Bengal formed a massive mass movement against Pakistan for the independence of Bangladesh, which took the form of a mass uprising. The then BCL leader Tofail Ahmed on behalf of the student community of Bengal gave the title of 'Bangabandhu' to Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, which accelerated the pace of the great war of independence in 1971.





The role of the then Chhatra League in the 1970 elections was significant. At that time Chhatra League was working as the vanguard of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Chhatra League played a direct and indirect role in electing Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the undisputed leader of the Bengali nation, by building a fierce mass movement against the misrule of Pakistan all over Bangladesh.





Thousands of BCL leaders and activists were martyred in the great liberation war of 1971. In the historic speech of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on March 7, Chhatra Sangram Parishad was formed all over Bangladesh under the leadership of Chhatra League. The then BCL leaders including Noor Alam Siddiqui and Tofail Ahmed formed the Chhatra Sangram Parishad. Under the leadership of Chhatra League, Chhatra Sangram Parishad was formed in every district, upazila, union and ward level. The leaders of the then Student Struggle Council directly participated in the War of Independence.





Chhatra League was instrumental in inspiring and involving the nation in the war of independence. Many leaders and activists of Chhatra League were martyred in the war. After the war of independence in 1971, East Pakistan Muslim Chhatra League was replaced by Bangladesh Chhatra League.





Chhatra League played a leading role in the democratic movement. The role of Bangladesh Chhatra League in the anti-authoritarian movement is commendable. Universities play a leading role in the anti-authoritarian movement. In the continuation of which the dictatorial government fell and the democratic government emerged.





During 1/11, Bangladesh Chhatra League formed a mass movement demanding the release of all students and teachers including Sheikh Hasina. Following which, all the political prisoners were released in the democratic process and the democratic government started with an election in 2008.





The newly elected president Rezwanul Haque Chowdhury Shovon and general secretary Golam Rabbani led the organization at the national conference of Chhatra League on July 31, 2016. Due to the controversial activities of the two central leaders, on September 14, 2019, Al Nahyan Khan Joy was removed from the post of acting president and Lekhak Bhattacharya took over as the acting general secretary. At the next council they were made regular presidents and general secretaries.





Naming





It is the first student organization in undivided Pakistan. This organization started its journey under the name of East Pakistan Muslim Chhatra League . After the independence of Bangladesh, its name was Bangladesh Chhatra League. The Awami Muslim League was formed on 23 June 1949 . Later, to avoid communal controversy in the party, the word Muslim was removed from the name of the party in 1955 and renamed as East Pakistan Awami League . At the same time, the name of Chhatra League was changed to 'East Pakistan Chhatra League' to protect it from communal allegations.





Mujib's forces were formed under the leadership of Chhatra League in the war of independence . People took part in the liberation war under different names including Mukti Bahini and Mujib Bahini. After independence, the name of the party also changed. The name of Chhatra League is Bangladesh Chhatra League .





The name of this organization of the students of Bangladesh is “Bangladesh Chhatra League” and in English “Bangladesh Students League”, abbreviated as Chhatra League in Bengali and “BSL” in English. On its national basis, the highest committee, the Central Executive Parliament, is abbreviated as the Executive Parliament. The highest policy-making forum of the organization is called the Central Committee (formerly the National Assembly).





Historical role





Bangladesh Chhatra League participated in various state independence movements including the language movement of 1952, the education commission movement of 1962, the six-point movement of 196, the mass uprising of 1969 and the eleven-point movement, the war of independence of Bangladesh .In 1971, Chhatra League formed Mujib Bahini for the purpose of fighting for the independence of Bangladesh, participated in the war and played a role in the victory of Bangladesh.





List of leaders





Chhatra League is led by the president and general secretaries. They were elected in various ways including the National Conference, the meeting of the Central Executive Committee of the Awami League. The following is a list of leaders from the beginning of Chhatra League:





DurationPresidentGeneral Secretary
1948Naimuddin Ahmed (Convener)
1948- 1950Dabirul IslamKhaleq Newaz Khan
1950-1952Khaleq Newaz KhanKamruzzaman
1952- 1953KamruzzamanMA Wadud
1953- 1957Abdul Momin TalukderMA Awal
1957-1960Rafiqullah ChowdhuryAzhar Ali, Shah Moazzem Hossain (Acting)
1960- 1963Shah Moazzem HossainSheikh Fazlul Haque Moni
1963- 1965KM Obaidur RahmanSirajul Alam Khan
1965-1967Syed Mazharul Haque BakiAbdur Razzak
1967- 1968Ferdous Ahmed QureshiAbdur Razzak
1986- 1969Abdur Rauf (Expelled)Khaled Mohammad Ali
1969-1970Tofail AhmedA.S.M. Abdur Rab
1970- 1972Noor Alam SiddiquiShahjahan Siraj (expelled), Ismat Qadir Gamma
1972- 1973Sheikh Shahidul IslamMA Rashid
1973- 1974Monirul Haque ChowdhuryShafiul Alam Pradhan (Expelled), Mostafa Jalal Mohiuddin
1976- 1977MA Awal (Convener)
1977- 1981Obaidul QuaderBahalul Majnun Chunnu
1981- 1983Mostafa Jalal MohiuddinK.M. Jahangir
1983-1985Abdul MannanJahangir Kabir Nanak
1986- 1988Sultan Mohammad MansurMd. Abdur Rahman
1988- 1992Habibur Rahman (Expelled), Shahe Alam (Acting)Asim Kumar Advocate
1992- 1994Mainuddin Hasan ChowdhuryIqbalur Rahim
1994- 1998AKM Enamul Haque ShamimIshaq Ali Khan Emerald
1998-2002Bahadur BepariAjay Kar Khokon
2002- 2006Liaquat SikderNazrul Islam Babu
2006- 2011Mahmud Hasan RiponMahfuzul Haider Chowdhury Roton
2011- 2015H.M. Badiuzzaman SohagSiddiqui Nazmul Alam
2015- 2018Md. Saifur Rahman SohagSM Zakir Hossain
2018- 2019Rezwanul Haque Chowdhury ShovonGolam Rabbani
2019Al Nahyan Khan JoyLekhok  Bhattacharya





Activities





Chhatra League is associated with various activities. In 2020, Chhatra League started activities to raise awareness about coronavirus.These included the distribution of relief items to the poor, health care for doctors on mobile phones , the delivery of medicines to the homes of the sick, Iftar during the holy month of Ramadan, and  free ambulance services. Soap and water have also been provided for washing hands at campuses, mosques, markets and corners. Besides, the leaders and workers of different regions have cut the paddy free of cost so that the paddy of the farmers in different parts of the country is not wasted.





Debate





In the past, Chhatra League has been criticized for the activities of its various leaders and workers.





The assassination of Abu Bakr





Abu Bakr was a third year student of the Department of Islamic History and Culture at Dhaka University. He died on February 1, 2010 after being injured during a clash between two factions of the BCL over a seat at Sir AF Rahman Hall. 





Jubay's murder





Jubayer Ahmed was a student in the English department of Jahangirnagar University. He died on January 8, 2012, a day after he was injured in an opposition attack in the Chhatra League. Five were sentenced to death and two to life in prison.





Biswajit Das murder





There are allegations against Chhatra League for being involved in destructive and illegal activities at different times.In Bangladesh, the student body became the focus of discussion in the country when some members of the organization caught a tailor named Biswajit with a sharp weapon during the strike, caught on camera by several TV channels. Biswajit died on the way to the hospital.





Later, the government filed a case against some BCL activists involved in the incident. Eight out of 21 activists of Jagannath University Chhatra League were sentenced to death in the Biswajit Das murder case. The court sentenced the remaining 13 to life imprisonment and fined them Tk 20,000 each. 





Rape and robbery





The organization is often accused of various terrorist activities, including rape, extortion, murder, looting, and sexual assault. Jahangirnagar University BCL leader Jasimuddin Manik celebrated the 'Century Festival' by raping 100 female students. 





2018 conflict





Ehsan Rafiq tortured





On the night of February 8, 2016, Salimullah was tortured by the leaders and activists of Chhatra League. The cornea of ​​his eye was severely damaged. 





Quota reform movement





After the quota reform movement started in April, on April 9, Bangladesh Chhatra League, a student organization of the ruling party Awami League , marched against the protesters at Dhaka University and attacked the protesters at different times.





Dhaka bus movement





Although the students wanted to peacefully blockade and blockade, the police tried to disperse them by throwing batons and tear gas at them from the day after the accident; Apart from the police, the youths, who are accused of being pro-BCL and pro-government, attacked students and journalists with home-made weapons. Meanwhile, on 2nd, 4th, 5th and 6th, the youths accused of being pro-government including Chhatra League attacked the agitating students and journalists who were going to collect news; About one and a half hundred people were injured in those clashes; Police in riot gear stormed a rally on Friday, removing hundreds of protesters by truck. Police in riot gear stormed a rally on Friday, removing hundreds of protesters by truck. About 115 students and 15 journalists were injured.





Abrar Fahad murder





Abrar Fahad, a second-year student in the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering at BUET, was allegedly beaten to death by several leaders of the university's Chhatra League on suspicion of involvement with the Shibir. Law enforcement suspects the 22-year-old student of the university's electrical and electronic engineering department was attacked because of a recent Facebook post that appeared to be critical of some of Bangladesh's recent agreements with India. 









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