Upazila is an important unit in the administrative system of Bangladesh . An upazila is made up of a few villages or unions and a district is made up of a few upazilas . At present there are a total of 492 upazilas in 64 districts under 6 divisions of Bangladesh .
The word upazila is a combination of Sanskrit and Arabic. The sub is a Sanskrit prefix and the word zila is derived from the Arabic word dila.
History of formation
On 8 November 1982, the Local Government (Upazila Parishad and Upazila Reorganization) Ordinance 1982 enacted the first upgraded Thana Parishad and a decentralized administrative system was introduced at the Thana level. Later the upgraded Thana Parishad was transformed into Upazila Parishad . At this time almost all the upazilas of Bangladesh were transformed into full-fledged administrative centers. This ordinance was repealed in 1991. Later, in 1996, the Jatiya Sangsad passed the Upazila Ordinance 1997 and re-enacted the upazila system. This ordinance came into force on 1 February 1997 through an office order. The last time the Upazila Parishad Act was amended was in 2009.
The district administration
The Upazila Nirbahi Officer ( UNO for short ) is the Chief Executive Officer of the Upazila and a senior official of the Bangladesh Civil Service (BCS Administration Cadre). Generally, UNO Bangladesh is a rank of Senior Assistant Secretary in the order of rank.
The council elected by the local people in charge of the administration of an upazila is known as the Upazila Parishad. The term of the Upazila Parishad is 5 years from the date of the meeting. A government official or Upazila Nirbahi Officer ( UNO ) nominated by the government serves as the secretary of the council .
All the functions at the upazila level are basically divided into reserved and transferred . Reserved responsibilities include maintaining law and order, civil and criminal justice, control of revenue administration, supply of essential commodities, large scale industries, mining and development of mineral resources.
On the other hand, the responsibilities transferred include formulation and implementation of five year plan and development plan, construction and maintenance of inter-upazila roads, agricultural extension and supply of agricultural inputs and irrigation system, ensuring health and family planning services, ensuring supply of safe drinking water and sewerage system. Included.