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Saturday, 28 November 2020

Street children in Bangladesh

 



 The term street child refers to children to whom the road (including slums, fallow lands, etc.) has become a source of their normal residence and / or livelihood and they are protected, guided and managed by a responsible adult.  


Defining 

Street children do not go to school; Instead it sells various things on the street or does other work. This is because their parents are unable to work or their income is very low, which is not enough to support their family. It is estimated that there are more than 600,000 street children in Bangladesh and 75% of them live in the capital Dhaka. In a country ranked 136th in the Human Development Index, where half the population lives below the poverty line, these children represent the lowest level of social strata. The country's population has now grown, and the number of street children has risen to an estimated 40,000,000.  


Features 

Number 

At present there are no official statistics on the number of street children in Bangladesh, and it is almost impossible to quantify their number, which is increasing year by year.


Age 

There is no specific age for street children in Bangladesh who work for the age group of 8 to 12 years, while those who do other work are between 13 and 15 years old. Children under the age of five can also work by selling things, or living their lives wandering the streets.


Gender 

Most of the street girls in Bangladesh are married from the age of 10, leading a very difficult life, while male children have to work hard to take care of the family.


Causes 

Street children have no place to live, or even sleep, they can cross the street, sell roses.


Many street children in Bangladesh die at an early age, they are not getting the necessary care. Waterborne diseases kill 110,000 children each year. Street children in Bangladesh are unable to buy healthy food, which often forces them to eat food that is not suitable for their health. They can also get hungry in search of food.


Organized Crime 

Street children are often forced to work, some of them working with the lowest levels of organized crime. Organized crime is rampant in Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, where the leaders of organized crime groups are called 'Machabasi' and their work is spreading across the country, especially in the slums of the capital Dhaka. Criminologist and planning expert and international consultant Sally Atkinson Shepard conducted detailed research on the involvement of street children in organized crime.


Street children organizations 

Street children often do not earn money legally because they cannot get proper education. Government agencies often provide assistance, and UNICEF often provides assistance to NGOs. Bangladesh Street Children Foundation, The Street Children Activist Network, Children's Ferdous, Jaago Foundation, Bangladesh Street Children's Organization and Big School are some of the small NGOs. Some organizations also donate to street children.


Bangladesh's Integrated Community and Industrial Development Initiative is working to improve the situation of street children, especially those who are being abused and sexually exploited. In addition to its regular activities, the organization celebrated International Street Children's Day in 2011 in collaboration with Street Children International, where the media for street children's rights was launched in 2011 by the Union for Street Children (CSC). All over the world. Street children celebrate their International Day with NGOs, political decision makers, celebrities, companies and people from all over the world.


Education 

Street children in Bangladesh cannot afford to go to school. So they do not have the opportunity to get proper education. However, education is very important for these children. Because, if they do not have the right education, they will have to spend the rest of their lives in misery. However, some NGOs are working to spread education among street children. 





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