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Saturday, 28 November 2020

Flag of Bangladesh

  



The national flag of Bangladesh is a red circle in a green rectangle. The green color symbolizes the green nature and youth of Bangladesh, the red color of the circle symbolizes the rising sun, the blood of those who sacrificed themselves in the war of independence. This version of the national flag of Bangladesh was officially adopted on 16 January 1972 .


During the Bangladesh War of Independence in 1971, a flag was used to look almost identical, with a yellow map inside the red circle in the middle. On January 12, 1972, the map was removed from the flag of Bangladesh. The difficulty of drawing the map properly on both sides of the flag is one of the reasons for removing the map from the flag. 


History 

This flag was determined based on the flag used in the 1971 war of independence , when there was a map of Bangladesh in the middle red circle , later to simplify the flag, the map was omitted. The national flag of Bangladesh is similar to the national flag of Japan , but the difference is that instead of the green of Bangladesh, the Japanese use white. The red circle is slightly pressed to one side, so that when the flag flies it can be seen in the middle of the flag.


Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was supposed to take part in a military parade of students held on 7 June 1970 at Paltan Maidan in Dhaka , then the capital of East Pakistan . For this purpose a Joybangla Bahini with students was formed, 'February 15 Bahini'. Student leaders decided to make a flag of this force. To this end, on June 7 , 1970, in the room No. 116 (now 116-117) of Sergeant Zahurul Haque Hall (then Iqbal Hall) of Dhaka University, BCL leaders ASM Abdur Rob , Shahjahan Siraj , Kazi Aref Ahmed , Marshal Monirul Islam sat in a meeting with the flag plan. Also present at the meeting were BCL leader Swapan Kumar Chowdhury, BCL leader Nazrul Islam of Jagannath University (then Jagannath College), Comilla district BCL general secretary and central student leader Shivnarayan Das , engineering university BCL general secretary Hasanul Haque Inu and student leader Yusuf Salauddin Ahmed.


Based on the initial proposal of Kazi Aref in the meeting, it was decided to make a flag with a yellow map of Bengal in the middle of the red sun on the green ground. Kamrul Alam Khan (Khasru) then sews a red circle in the middle of a large piece of green cloth from a Bihari tailor's shop in Dhaka New Market; Then Yusuf Salauddin Ahmed and Hasanul Haque drew a map of East Pakistan on a tracing paper with a map book from Enamul Haque in room 312 of Quaid-e-Azam Hall (now Titumir Hall) of Inu University of Engineering. Student leader Shivnarayan Das finally drew the map in the middle of the red circle with his skillful hand.  


1971 II and March, the university minded student leader of the country's first national flag hoisted ASM Abdur Rab . He was the vice president of the student union of Dhaka University at that time . The new symbol was created to prevent the use of the East Pakistan symbol, the moon and star. According to the CIA World Factbook ,  the green color of the flag was used to describe the green nature of Bangladesh.  


Sheikh Mujibur Rahman hoisted the flag at his residence on March 23, on the eve of the Declaration of Independence. Later, in 1972, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's government asked Patua Kamrul Hasan to remove the map from the flag designed by Shivnarayan Das and submit a report on the size, color and interpretation of the flag . The modified form by Kamrul Hasan is now the national flag of Bangladesh.  


The size of the flag


The specific details of the size of the national flag in accordance with the Flag Rules of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, 1972 are as follows: 


  1. The 'national flag' will be dark green and there will be a red circle in the middle of a rectangular green of 10: length and width.

  2. The red circle will be one-fifth the radius of the flag's length. The center point of the circle will be at the point of intersection of the vertical line drawn from the nine-twentieth part of the length of the flag and the horizontal line drawn from the point between the width of the flag. That is, the center of the circle is the point of intersection of the straight line drawn at the end point of the left side of the twenty-ninth of the length of the flag and at the middle of the width.

  3. The green background of the flag will be Prussian Brilliant Green H-2RS50 parts per thousand and the red round part will be Prussian Brilliant Orange H-2RS60 parts per thousand.


The size of the use of 

There are different sizes of flags for use in buildings:

  • 10 by 6 feet (3.0 by 1.8 meters)

  • 5 by 3 feet (1.52 by 0.91 m)

  • 2.5 by 1.5 feet (60 by 480 mm)

There are different sizes of flags for use in automobiles:

A) 15 by 9 inches (360 by 230 mm) (for large vehicles)

B) 10 by 8 inches (250 by 150 mm) (for small and medium sized vehicles)

  • The size of the table flag for use in international and bilateral events is: 10 by 6 inches (250 by 150 millimeters)

Explanation: If the length of the flag is 10 feet, the width will be 6 feet, the radius of the red circle will be 2 feet, the point of intersection of the proportional line drawn along the middle of the width above the length of the flag will be 4 and a half feet.



Use the flag 

Important Government Buildings and Offices, such as the President's Residence, Parliament House, etc., all Ministries and Secretariat Buildings of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, High Court Offices, District and Sessions Judge Courts, Divisional Commissioners, Deputy Commissioners / Collectors, Chairman, Upazila Parishad Offices, Central and District Jails The 'Flag of Bangladesh' is hoisted on all working days at police stations, customs posts, primary, secondary and higher secondary level educational institutions and other such buildings and buildings designated by the government from time to time. The President and the Prime Minister can hoist the 'Flag of Bangladesh' in their motor vehicles, ships and aircraft. In addition, state ministers and persons with the rank of state minister, 


Official residence 

The 'flag' should be hoisted at the official residence of the following persons:


  1. President

  2. Prime Minister

  3. Speaker of the National Assembly

  4. Chief Justice of Bangladesh

  5. Ministers

  6. Chief Whip

  7. Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly

  8. Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly

  9. Personalities with the rank of Minister

  10. State ministers

  11. Individuals with the rank of state minister

  12. Deputy Ministers

  13. Persons with the rank of Deputy Minister

  14. Heads of Bangladesh Diplomatic / Consular / Missions abroad

  15. Chairmen of local government councils of Rangamati, Khagrachhari and Bandarban districts



Motor vehicle and vessel 

The following persons are entitled to hoist the 'Flag of Bangladesh' in their motor vehicles and vessels:


  1. Speaker of the National Assembly

  2. Chief Justice of Bangladesh

  3. Ministers

  4. Chief Whip

  5. Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly

  6. Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly

  7. Personalities with the rank of Minister

  8. Heads of Bangladesh Diplomatic / Consular / Missions abroad


Lift 

On the following days and occasions, the flag of Bangladesh has to be hoisted at all government and private buildings in Bangladesh and at the offices and consular posts of diplomatic missions abroad:


(A) Birthday of the Prophet ( Eid-e-Miladunnabi )

(B) March 26 is Independence Day

(C) December 16 is Victory Day

(D) Any other day notified by the Government


Half-mast 

The 'flag' is hoisted at half-mast on the following days:


(A) 21st February Martyr's Day (now International Mother Language Day )

(B) August 15 is National Mourning Day

(C) any other day notified by the Government

The flag should be halved from the top of the pole to the bottom equal to the width of the flag.





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