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Saturday, 28 November 2020

Family planning in Bangladesh

 




 

In Bangladesh, family planning work is run by government agencies and the private sector is involved in various government activities. The Department of Family Planning in Bangladesh is a government agency. Mary Stopes , an international NGO, provides family planning services in Bangladesh. 


In 1975, the population of Bangladesh was 6.3 million and by 2001, the population had reached 130.5 million. According to the United Nations Population Fund, the birth rate in Bangladesh is 2.3, which would make Bangladesh a "low-fertility country".  The country has a very high population density, with about 1,000 people per square kilometer. Since independence, Bangladesh has been trying to reduce its total fertility rate (TFR) to 2.1, which means that women will have an average of 2.1 children. If this fertility rate remains unchanged and a large number of people do not change their country, the population of Bangladesh will neither increase nor decrease at a high rate. Recently  Bangladesh's family planning program is getting weaker.  



History 

In Bangladesh, family planning initiatives were started in 1950 among medical volunteers and social workers. In 1965, the government of Pakistan started family planning in Bangladesh and East Pakistan. In 1978, the government of Bangladesh declared population growth as the number one problem in the country.  The population has been growing rapidly since independence. The population was growing due to high birth rates, rising commodity prices and high mortality.  The birth rate was 7.3 in 1985, but dropped to 2.3 in 2011. Surveys show that most women give birth to two or more children.  According to the International Conference on Family Planning, the birth rate was fixed at 2.3 until 2011. Even mortality is reduced. According to the Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey, in 2014, 33% of girls between the ages of 15 and 19 were pregnant. 8% of women give birth to their first child before the age of 19. The United Nations Population Fund provides support for family planning activities in Bangladesh. 


Early marriage 

According to government estimates, 85% of Bangladeshi girls get married before the age of 18. [17] 80% of child marriage couples have their first child by the age of 19. In 10 percent of couples, this age is only 15. Under Bangladeshi law, the age of sexual consent is 14, although not all premarital sex is socially supported. 


Contraceptive 

According to the Bangladesh government, 40% of couples in the country do not use any form of contraception.  contraceptive methods of birth control pills are the most popular here. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare subsidizes the sale of contraceptives in Bangladesh. Reproductive health is not taught in the national education curriculum and is not part of the curriculum.  The government of Bangladesh employs women to provide family planning advice and contraception.  Bangladesh has a high rate of illegal abortions and is likely to decline if the availability of contraceptives increases.  Essential Drugs Company Limited has been producing condoms in Bangladesh since 2010


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