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Saturday, 28 November 2020

Bangladesh–United States relations

  





Bangladesh-US relations are bilateral relations between Bangladesh and the United States . Bangladesh has an embassy in Washington DC , and the United States has an embassy in Dhaka . There are also consulate offices in New York and Los Angeles . The United States has information centers in Chittagong , Jessore , Rajshahi and Sylhet . The US Embassy in Bangladesh operates the Archer K Blood American Library and the Edward M. Kennedy Center in Dhaka. These two countries are members of the United Nations .


As of 2014, 6% of Bangladeshis have favored the United States, the largest survey in South Asia .  


Pre-emergence relations of Bangladesh


The United States established relations with Bengal during the British rule in the Indian subcontinent . Around 180 , the American Consulate General at Fort William opened a consular agency in Chittagong . The US Navy, Air Force and Military were deployed in East Bengal as part of the Burma Campaign during World War II .


After the partition of India on August 29, 1949, the United States established a Consulate General in Dhaka (pronounced "Dacca" abroad),  and East Bengal became the forerunner of Pakistani rule . In the 1970s, American teachers, architects, and aid workers frequented the East Pakistani capital.


Bangladesh Liberation War, the relationship 


During Bangladesh's war of independence in 1971 , the US position was in favor of West Pakistan. However, under the leadership of Archer K. Blood Consul General, the American people sent multiple telegrams to the Bangladeshi common people, students and intellectuals against the atrocities of West Pakistanis. Many of them took a stand against the Nixon administration's silence on the Bangladesh genocide and its cooperation with the Pakistani military junta. The position of the people in America changed against Nixon's policy on Bangladesh. Ted Kennedy , Frank Church and William B. Including sexbaseLawmakers from both Democrats and Republicans oppose Nixon's White House support for the exploitation. American cultural activists, such as the poet Ellen Ginsberg (who wrote September on Jessore Road ), singer Joan Boyce , told of the war in Bangladesh. British, American and Indian musicians hosted a concert for Bangladesh in New York City , where singers like Bob Dylan took part. Although the US Congress imposed an arms embargo on Pakistan , Nixon secretly sent the Seventh Fleet to the White House to assist Pakistan in the war. When India joined the Liberation Army in December 1971, the White House sent an aircraft carrier to the Bay of Bengal.Peacekeepers block arms supplies to several northeastern U.S. ports Bengali diplomats based in Washington DC worked for the Provisional Government of Bangladesh .


On December 4, in Washington, Henry Kissinger convened a Security Council meeting to prepare a resolution calling for a ceasefire and the withdrawal of troops. The US State Department in a statement blamed India for the conflict in the subcontinent. Following the start of the Security Council session, US envoy George HW Bush called for an immediate ceasefire, the withdrawal of Indian and Pakistani troops from their respective borders, and a resolution authorizing the UN Secretary-General to implement the decision. The Soviet envoy vetoed the proposal, calling it "unilateral." Poland also voted against the proposal. France and Britain abstained.



Post-emergence relations of Bangladesh


Bangladesh became independent on 16 December 1971. The Indian troops were withdrawn in March of the following year. Then on April 4, 1972, the United States recognized Bangladesh. As well as to help the 300 million dollars it. Herbert d. Spivak was the chief American diplomat in Dhaka. Four days later, the United States and Bangladesh agreed to enhance diplomatic relations at the embassy level.  On May 17 of the same year, the Consulate-General was upgraded to an embassy.  Relations between the two countries began to strengthen dramatically in the late 1970s, when Bangladeshi President Ziaur Rahman became the first post-independence government to abandon the socialist policies of the free market.Goes back to policy. In 1973, the military ruler, Lieutenant General Hussein Muhammad Ershad , was invited to the White House by US President Ronald Reagan .  President Reagan praised Dhaka's position during the Cold War , saying, "The United States would like to applaud Bangladesh for its constructive stance on regional and global issues. Some examples are: It has played a key role in making the people of South Asia more resilient and more stable. The activism, restraint and ethics in Bangladesh's foreign policy have earned the respect of the world. " 


The United States has been one of the major partners in Bangladesh's development since independence. Since 1972, USAID has provided about  6 billion in aid to Bangladesh. The United States has also assisted in the country's infrastructural development. For example, NASA has helped the Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization (SPARSO) and the Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission to open a Triga Research Center.


Bangladeshi Nobel laureate economist Muhammad Yunus won the US Presidential Medal of Freedom and the highest civilian recognition in the United States, the US Congressional Gold Medal .  



The current relationship


Bangladesh is one of the main allies of America in South Asia . The two countries have taken a number of supportive measures in the areas of regional and global security, counter-terrorism and climate change .Bangladesh has been one of the main allies of the Obama administration in international development initiatives, food security, health development and environmental development. In 2012, a strategic agreement was reached between the two states. Marcia Bernikat, the US ambassador to Bangladesh , described the relationship in 2015 as "vibrant, multifaceted, and essential."  


US policy toward Bangladesh emphasizes political stability, human rights, and democracy. Among the Islamic countries, the US sees Bangladesh as liberal.  Although the relationship has traditionally been considered extraordinary, the United States has always protested against law enforcement in Bangladesh, curtailed press freedom , and human rights abuses by security forces . The boycott of the 2014 general election by the main opposition BNP has cooled relations between the Bangladesh government and the United States, but all cooperation activities have been conducted.  


According to American diplomats, the US policy towards Bangladesh was "three D"; That is, not giving place to democracy, development and denial of space for terrorism or militancy.


Bangladesh 016 per year in Asia, in Afghanistan and Pakistan, the biggest gain US support. 



Trade and investment 


The largest export market of Bangladesh is the United States. The United States is also a foreign direct investor in Bangladesh . The largest American investment here is through Chevron , which produces 50% of Bangladesh's natural gas . In 014, the bilateral trade volume of 6 billion US dollars . The major American exports to Bangladesh are agricultural products (soybeans, cotton, maize, dairy products), aircraft, machinery, engines, iron and steel products. The main imports from Bangladesh are garments, footwear, textiles, toys, games and toys, lobster and shrimp, and agricultural products.  


In June 2013, about 1,000 people died in the 2013 Savar building collapse . The United States has since cut off duty-free access, citing poor security. The Bangladesh Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement, "It is very sad for the textile workers of Bangladesh that the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) facility has been withdrawn at a time when the Bangladesh government has taken concrete and visible steps to protect the safety and workers' rights of textile factories."  


Defense sector support


The United States is one of Bangladesh's main strategic military allies. The defense sector is important to regional powers India and China. Joint activities are often conducted in the Bay of Bengal . The US Pacific Command maintains regular operations with the Bangladesh military . The United States has assisted in the formation of the Bangladesh Navy Special Forces SWADS , as designed by the US and South Korean Special Forces.


Bangladesh is the world's largest contributor to UN peacekeeping missions . The United States is one of the main supporters of the participation of Bangladeshi peacekeepers.  



Education and culture 

As of 2013, there were about 3,626 Bangladeshi students studying in US universities.the cultural aspects of the financial assistance of the USAID Sisima Street based Sisimpur is built, a popular children's show, which was televised Bangladesh.


Disaster management 

The United States assisted Bangladesh in relief efforts during the cyclones of 1991 and 2006. US Marines took part in the 1991 Bangladesh Cyclone and the 2007 Sidr to help thousands of people in southern Bangladesh . Operated Operation Sea Angel One and Operation Sea Angel Two.


Bangladeshi community in the US


US-Bangladesh relations are strengthening the Bangladeshi American community. Fazlur Rahman Khan in the United States in Chicago, the tallest tower designed. Sal Khan is a renowned academician. Hansen Clark became the first US Congressman of Bangladeshi descent. M. Osman Siddique served as US Ambassador to Fiji .

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