Saturday, 28 November 2020

Bangladesh–Russia relations


Bangladesh-Russia relations refer to the bilateral relations between the People's Republic of Bangladesh and the Russian Federation . Diplomatic relations were established between Bangladesh and the Soviet Union on 25 January 1972 . Bangladesh has maintained bilateral relations with its successor Russia since the collapse of the Soviet Union. There is a Russian embassy in Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, and a consulate-general in Chittagong . On the other hand, Bangladesh has an embassy in Moscow, the capital of Russia . At present Bangladesh has close military, economic and political relations with Russia.

Soviet-East Pakistan relations 

After the establishment of the state of Pakistan in 1947, the Soviet Union did not have good relations with Pakistan at first . However, although the Soviets did not have good relations with West Pakistan , the Soviet Union had close relations with East Pakistan (now Bangladesh ). The Soviet Union had close ties with the Pakistan Communist Party , and the party had more popular support in East Pakistan than in West Pakistan  . The democratic movement and anti-US sentiment in East Pakistan was stronger than in West Pakistan, which indirectly benefited the Soviet Union .When Pakistan signed a military agreement with the United States in 1954, there was a backlash in East Pakistan. Mass protests against the agreement, seen in East Pakistan, and East Pakistan Provincial Assembly elected 16 members of the military agreement with the United States joint statement condemning the. 

Soviet-Bangladeshi relations 

During the Bangladesh War of Independence in 1971, the Soviet Union condemned the genocide committed by the Pakistani military in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and called on the Pakistani government to stop the genocide. During the war, the Soviet Union provided extensive military and financial support to the Bengali freedom fighters  . Towards the end of the War of Independence, the United States sent the US Seventh Fleet to the Bay of Bengal to assist Pakistan, which was almost defeated by the Liberation Army and the Indian Allies . In response, the Soviet Union launched a series of attacks on the Liberation Army and Indian forces on December 6 and 13, 1971, to counter possible US threats.The Soviet Pacific fleet sent from Vladivostok two squadrons of cruisers and destroyers and a nuclear submarine equipped with nuclear weapons . The Soviet fleet was led by Admiral Vladimir Krugliakov. With the arrival of the Soviet navy, the US navy failed to assist Pakistan  . The Soviet fleet from 18 December 1971 to 7 January 197 Indian Ocean, the United naubaharake overtake . The Soviet navy also secretly assisted the Indian navy and conducted covert operations against the Pakistani navy.  . After Bangladesh's victory in the War of Independence, the Soviet Union recognized Bangladesh on 24 January 1972, and diplomatic relations were established between the two states on 25 January   .

In the years following the independence of Bangladesh, Bangladesh had special friendly relations with the Soviet Union. During the war of liberation Pakistani forces planted innumerable mines in Chittagong port and Karnafuli river. Moreover, the port, known as the heart of Bangladesh's economy, became unusable as many ships sank during the war. After the war, the Soviet navy was engaged in removing mines from the war-torn port of Chittagong and restoring the port's efficiency. Twenty-two ships of the Soviet Pacific Fleet arrived in Chittagong in May 1972 from the Far East port of Vladivostok .. It took them about a year to complete the demining work, and Yuri Redkin, a Soviet Marine, was killed in a landmine explosion  . His grave is located on the premises of Bangladesh Naval Academy .

As a result of Soviet cooperation, Chittagong soon regained its former status as a major port and in 1973 its capacity exceeded its pre-war capacity. In addition, the Soviet Union provided extensive assistance to the newly established Bangladesh Air Force . In particular, the Soviet government gifted the Bangladesh Air Force 10 single-seater MiG-21MFs and two two-seater MiG-21UM fighter jets  . 197 In March, Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Moscow visited and thanked the government during the war, the Soviet Union for assistance  .

After the 1975 military coup in Bangladesh, Bangladesh's relations with the Soviet Union deteriorated rapidly. The military governments of Ziaur Rahman and Hussein Muhammad Ershad forged closer ties with the United States , China , Pakistan, and the Arab world, which naturally cooled Bangladesh's relations with the Soviet Union. At that time Bangladesh adopted an active anti-Soviet foreign policy. Bangladesh condemned the Soviet support for Vietnam's invasion of Cambodia in 1967 , and the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan in 1969.Strongly opposed military intervention. In protest of Soviet intervention in Afghanistan, 64 other countries, including Bangladesh, boycotted the 1960 Summer Olympic Games in Moscow . In addition, in December 1983 and January 1984, the Government of Bangladesh in Dhaka from 9 Soviet diplomats was expelled .

However, the Soviet Union continued to provide assistance to Bangladesh in various fields. The Soviets especially assisted Bangladesh in the development of the three fields - power generation, natural gas and fuel oil. Ghorashal Thermal Power Station, the largest thermal power plant in Bangladesh, was built with Soviet funding . In 1979, the Soviet Union was ranked 14th among the donor countries in Bangladesh. Besides, during this time the Soviet Union maintained active cultural relations with Bangladesh.

Russian-Bangladeshi relations

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Bangladesh recognized Russia as the successor to the Soviet Union. Bangladesh's relations with Russia were stable in the 1990s. At that time Bangladesh and Russia took different sides in the Bosnian war and other international events. Later, in the 2000s, Bangladesh's relations with Russia improved.

Political relations 

2009 in Moscow, Prime Minister of Bangladesh , Sheikh Hasina, and Russian President Vladimir Putin met

2009 Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in St. Petersburg visited and then Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin met with  . The Prime Minister again in January 013 in Moscow, Russian President Vladimir Putin met with  . During the 2014 Crimea crisis , Bangladesh, like the United States and other Western countries, maintained neutrality without opposing Russia .

Military relations 

Russia is one of the countries supplying arms and military equipment to the Bangladesh Armed Forces . In 2013, Bangladesh purchased the Metis-M tank-destroyer missile from Russia  . 015 and 016 from Bangladesh, Russia 16 Yak -130 training aircraft purchase . In 2016, Bangladesh purchased 6 MI-161 SH helicopters from Russia .

Economic relations 

In 2012, a memorandum of understanding was signed between Russia and Bangladesh to assist in the development of nuclear power in Bangladesh . 013, Russia, Bangladesh Pabna district Rooppur a nuclear power committed to building the . Construction of the 2,400-megawatt power plant began in 2016 and two units are expected to be completed by 2024  .

Cultural relations 

Russia's cultural ties with Bengal were established in the eighteenth century. The first Bengali play was staged by Russian playwright and explorer Gerasim Lebedev . With the help of his language teacher lebedebha golaka nath Das, 7 November 1785 The disagaija called Bangla translation of an English drama in the 'disguise', staged in the name of  . With the help of local intellectuals, Lebedev also established the first European-style theater in Bengal .

In addition, Lebedev wrote a short Bengali dictionary, wrote a book in Bengali on arithmetic, and translated parts of the Annadamangal poem into Russian .

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