The Maldives and Bangladesh established their diplomatic relations on 22 September 1978. In 2006, the Maldives opened an embassy in Bangladesh. In 2011, the Maldivian government relinquished responsibility for all Bangladeshi exports to the country. In 2011, the Bangladesh Army donated seven military trucks to the Maldives National Defense Force. The Maldives closed its embassy in Bangladesh in March 2014 due to a 40 percent reduction in the foreign ministry's budget. Bangladesh offered to rent the embassy premises for other local expenses but the Maldives "politely" refused. In December 2014, 100,000 liters of water were sent from Bangladesh when work on the Maldives' only water delineate project stopped after a fire. The Maldives intends to reopen its embassy in Dhaka in July 2015.
The Maldives has a significant Bangladeshi migrant labor population and has encouraged the country to relocate Bangladeshi workers. Bangladesh has an embassy in the Maldives. The Maldivian government regularized the immigration status of more than 16,000 Bangladeshi nationals in 2009. In 2011, Bangladesh exported 82 million to the Maldives and imported 1.46 million.According to official estimates, there are 60,000 to 70,000 Bangladeshis in the Maldives. On March 30, 2015, Bangladeshi expatriates protested the death of two Bangladeshi expatriates outside the Bangladesh Embassy. The Maldivian government warns that protesters are risking losing their visas. Ahmed Tolal, vice-president of the Maldives Human Rights Commission, called the government unconstitutional.