Saturday, 5 December 2020

Alcohol in Bangladesh


Alcohol use in Bangladesh is limited and regulated. According to data released by the World Bank in 2015, Bangladesh has the lowest alcohol consumption in Asia.


The first distillery of Bangladesh was established in 18 AD. It was founded by an Englishman named Robert Russell Keru. Which is now known as Keru & Company Bangladesh Limited . It was nationalized by the Bangladesh government in 1973.The distillery is a part of Darshana Sugar Mill and operates under the Bangladesh Sugar and Food Industries Corporation . Keru & Company is the only one of the 15 sugar mills in Bangladesh that does not have to count losses. Almost all of its profits come from the distillery unit here. The distillery produces whiskeygin, brandy, crackoutrum and vodka.

In 2003, the Bangladesh government gave a license to Jamuna Distillery Limited of Jamuna Group to produce alcoholic beverages. Jamuna Distillery Limited is the first private company in Bangladesh to get a license to produce alcohol. In 2009, Jamuna Hunter brand beer was brought to Bangladesh


According to the law of Bangladesh, a drink containing more than 0.5% alcohol will be considered as an alcoholic beverage. Government permission is required for the marketing, storage and transportation of alcohol. One must have legal permission to drink alcohol. Muslims need a medical certificate to be allowed to drink alcohol. The letter of action should be taken from an associate professor or civil surgeon of the medical college.

alcohol in bangladesh price
alcohol in bangladesh airport
alcohol in bangladesh language
alcohol shop in bangladesh
carrying alcohol in bangladesh
alcohol laws in bangladesh
alcohol bangladeshi actress
alcohol allowance bangladesh
alcohol and bangladesh
alcohol available in bangladesh
alcohol addiction in bangladesh
all alcohol price in bangladesh
absolute alcohol price in bangladesh
best alcohol in bangladesh
alcohol brands in bangladesh
buy alcohol in bangladesh
alcohol ban in bangladesh
alcohol free beer in bangladesh
alcohol bottle price in bangladesh
alcohol free body spray in bangladesh
alcohol consumption bangladesh
can you drink alcohol in bangladesh
can you buy alcohol in bangladesh
can you get alcohol in bangladesh
can i drink alcohol in bangladesh
alcohol in dhaka bangladesh
alcohol bangladesh duty free
drinking alcohol in bangladesh
alcohol home delivery in bangladesh
alcohol drinking license in bangladesh
alcohol drinks price in bangladesh
alcohol free deodorant in bangladesh
alcohol en bangladesh
ethanol alcohol price in bangladesh
ethyl alcohol price in bangladesh
alcohol factory in bangladesh
alcohol free perfume in bangladesh

Asiatic Society of Bangladesh


Asiatic Society of Bangladesh Bangladesh is a non-political and non-profit research organization. The Asiatic Society of Pakistan was established in 1952 . When Bangladesh became independent in 1972, its name was changed to Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Mr. Ahmed Hasan Dani , a world renowned Archaeologist and Archaeologist played a pivotal role in the establishment of this institution . Others among the founders are: Mr. Mohammad Shahidullah, ABM Habibullah, Abdul Halim, and many more. The founders wanted it to serve as a research institute specifically for Asia .The society is housed in Nimtali,Old Dhaka

The society's publications include:

  • Banglapedia, the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (edition 2, 2012)
  • Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh (2010, 28 volumes)
  • Cultural Survey of Bangladesh, a documentation of the country's cultural history, tradition and heritage (2008, 12 volumes)
  • Children’s Banglapedia, a three-volume version of Banglapedia for children
  • History of Bangladesh (1704-1971) (3 volumes)

Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.JPG


Sir William Jones, the then Judge of the Calcutta High Court , founded an organization called The Asiatic Society on 15 January 184  to study the people and nature of Asia . He envisioned the establishment of an association to conduct systematic research on Asia in general and South Asia in particular, and Jones' proposal to establish a regular body for the study of Oriental Studies received strong support from other Fort William colleagues. 1784 On January 15 Thirty like-minded European personalities met in a meeting of the Grand Jury of the Calcutta Supreme Court and accepted Jones' proposal to establish an Asiatic Society. The organization was named The Asiatic Society and was elected the first president of William Jones. 

Bangladesh Department of Archeology


The Department of Archeology of Bangladesh is a state agency of Bangladesh. The agency maintains and regulates the state's archeological monuments in accordance with the Archaeological Act of 1974. Activities have been conducted from the headquarters at Agargaon in Dhaka since 2005. The chief executive of this department is called the director-general.


In 181, during the British rule, this organization was started under the name of Archaeological Survey of India. After the independence of Bangladesh in 1971, its office was established in Dhaka . In 1973, through divisional reorganization, regional offices were established in 4 divisions including the head office in Dhaka. Besides, there are 20 archeological museums in the department. The department works to restore history and preserve and exhibit renovated architectural structures through the discovery of ancient cultural symbols scattered in remote areas of the country.

Activities of Department of Archeology

The Department of Archeology of Bangladesh works on the maintenance of archeological monuments in Bangladesh, including compiling a list of them. At present (June 2018) there are 501 preserved antiquities under this department. Notable among them are Mahasthangarh , Mainamati , Paharpur Buddhist Monastery , Sitakot Monastery , Kantjir Temple , Chhota Sona Mosque , Sixty Dome Mosque , Vasubihar , Bihar and Barbazar , Lalbagh Fort . Among them, Paharpur Buddhist Monastery and Sixty Domes Mosque have got the status of World Heritage Sites . 


At present there are a total of 20 museums under the Department of Archeology of Bangladesh. 

Dhaka Division:

Rajshahi Division:

Rangpur Division:

Khulna Division:

Chittagong Division:

Barisal Division:

  • Sher-e-Bangla Sriti Museum

Bangladesh Tea Research Institute


Bangladesh Tea Research Institute (BTRI) is an autonomous institution under the Bangladesh Tea Board 


The Pakistan Tea Board established a tea research station in East Pakistan in 1952 . After the independence of Bangladesh in 1973, the Bangladesh government upgraded the station to a research institute.  Srimangal is the oldest tea research center in the subcontinent after Assam in India . Which attracts a lot of tourists. 

HeadquartersSreemangalMaulvibazar DistrictSylhetBangladesh
Region servedBangladesh
Official languageBengali
WebsiteBangladesh Tea Research Institute

Bangladesh Tea Research Institute is one of the 10 national institutes included in the Bangladesh National Agricultural Research System (NURS) . This organization has 4 sub-centers all over the country. Of subcenters

Map of Bangladesh Tea Research Institute

Research Division 

BTRI has 6 research departments. The research departments are: - 1. Soil chemistry , II. Botany, 3. Agriculture, 4. Entomology , 5. Plant pathology, 6. Biochemistry , 6. Engineering , 6. Statistics and economics. This institute is equivalent to other tea research institutes in the world.


The technology and scientific research-knowledge and experience invented by the tea scientists of BTRI is contributing to the progress and development of the tea industry. Tea scientists have so far developed 16 high yielding and attractive quality clones from BT-1 to BT-16. Tea scientists have officially released the latest high-yielding improved clone 'BT-16'. In addition, tea scientists have relentlessly researched and invented a perclonal seed variety including 4 biclonal seedlings BTS-1, BTS-2, BTS-3, BTS-4 with a few generative clones.

The famous Satkara pickle or fish - meat of Sylhet region is very popular in this region. This time tea is being made with this delicious citrus fruit. In the meantime, researchers have created 'Satkara Cha' to make this popular fruit of Sylhet popular all over the country. The color of the tea will be a lot of orange . This tea is made by combining seven leaves with tea leaves. Khandaker Shahjahan, General Manager, Bangladesh Tea Research Institute (BTRI), Srimangal, has invented the new tea himself.  He has made 'Silver Tea' in addition to Satkara Tea. He said

Satkara is a popular citrus fruit in the greater Sylhet region. I have been trying for three months to make tea from this fruit thinking about the popularity of the people.

Satkara tea level has also been made. Its branding name will be Satkara Tea, Bangladesh Tea. In the meantime he has made Orthodox (original tea) in addition to silver tea. That tea was made half a century ago. The characteristics of this tea are- liqueur is lighter, more flavorful. He is also trying to make diabetic tea

bangladesh tea research institute job circular
bangladesh tea research institute guest house srimangal
bangladesh tea research institute srimangal
bangladesh tea research institute resort
bangladesh tea research institute (btri)
tea research institute bangladesh

Bangladesh Pratidin


 Bangladesh Pratidin

  Bangladesh Pratidin Bengali language daily newspaper published from Bangladesh . Its publication was launched in 2010. Its editor is Naeem Nizam. The publisher of the newspaper is Mainal Hossain Chowdhury. It is the most widely circulated daily newspaper in Bengali.  

TypeDaily newspaper
Owner(s)East West Media Group Ltd.
PublisherMoynal Hossain Chowdhury
EditorNaem Nizam 
Political alignmentIndependent
HeadquartersPlot -371 / A, Block-D, Bashundhara Residential Area, Baridhara,DhakaBangladesh

Bangladesh Pratidin is printed in the form of 'Broadsheet' every day. It has column number 7 and is printed in four colors. Its regular number is 12 pages.

Bangladesh Pratidin has now become the most widely circulated daily newspaper in Bangladesh. At present its circulation is more than five and a half lakhs   . Anandabazar is the second largest Bengali newspaper in the world in terms of circulation.

Europe version 

On 4 October 2017,  Bangladesh Pratidin started its daily journey as a weekly daily in Europe. It was published from London by N-Ish

bangladesh pratidin online news
bangladesh pratidin rokomari
bangladesh pratidin ajker khobor
bangladesh pratidin 2nd page
bangladesh pratidin epaper
bangladesh pratidin today's news
bangladesh pratidin binodon
bangladesh pratidin video
bangladesh pratidin usa
bangladesh pratidin bangladesh
bangladesh pratidin archive
bangladesh pratidin apps
bangladesh pratidin ajker rashifal
e bangladesh pratidin today
e bangladesh pratidin news
e bangladesh pratidin newspaper bd
the bangladesh pratidin
the bangladesh pratidin epaper
the bangladesh pratidin daily newspaper
the bangladesh pratidin newspaper
daily e bangladesh pratidin
bangladesh pratidin bangladesh pratidin
bangladesh pratidin bangla news today
bangladesh pratidin bangla patrika
bangladesh pratidin bangla
bangladesh pratidin bangla sambad
bangladesh pratidin today
bangladesh pratidin cover
bangladesh pratidin chittagong
bangladesh pratidin e paper today
bangladesh pratidin e paper bangla
e dainik bangladesh pratidin
e potrika bangladesh pratidin
bangladesh pratidin dainik patrika
bangladesh pratidin download
bangladesh pratidin daily newspaper
bangladesh pratidin dhaka
bangladesh pratidin daily
bangladesh pratidin daily paper
bangladesh pratidin dekhte chai
bangladesh pratidin date 24
bangladesh pratidin english
bangladesh pratidin e newspaper
bangladesh pratidin news
bangladesh pratidin news live
bangladesh pratidin newspaper contact number
bangladesh pratidin editorial
bangladesh pratidin newspaper job circular
bangladesh pratidin newspaper office address
bangladesh pratidin friday

Stamford University Bangladesh


Stamford University Bangladesh (English: Stamford University Bangladesh) Bangladesh's capital Dhaka, is a private university. It started its activities in 2002 as Stamford University Bangladesh after receiving a university certificate from the Bangladesh government. The university has two campuses, one at Siddheswari and the other at Dhanmondi.

TypePrivate University
AcharyaPresident Abdul Hamid
Vice-ChancellorProfessor Mohammad Ali Naki
Address644, Satmasjid Road, Dhanmondi, DhakaBangladesh23.84465 ° North 90.407463 ° EastCoordinates : 23744665 ° N 90.408463 ° East |  
Short nameSUB
AffiliationUniversity Grants Commission

Departments and subjects 

Stamford University has five faculties, the Faculty of Business Education, the Faculty of Science, the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, the Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Engineering. At present, there are 32 undergraduate and postgraduate degree programs in 14 departments. The categories are:

  • Department of Business Administration
  • Department of Pharmacy
  • Department of Environmental Sciences
  • Department of Microbiology
  • English section
  • Department of Film and Media Studies
  • Department of Journalism and Media Studies
  • Department of Economics
  • Department of Public Administration
  • Department of Law
  • Department of Computer Science
  • Department of Civil Engineering
  • Department of Electrical Engineering
  • Department of Architecture 

stamford university bangladesh logo
stamford university bangladesh result
stamford university bangladesh ranking
stamford university bangladesh website
stamford university bangladesh grading system
stamford university bangladesh logo png
stamford university bangladesh dhanmondi campus
stamford university bangladesh address
stamford university bangladesh admission 2020
stamford university bangladesh academic result
stamford university bangladesh assignment cover page
stamford university bangladesh academic calendar 2020
stamford university bangladesh academic calendar 2019
stamford university bangladesh admission requirement
stamford university bangladesh admission 2019
stamford university bangladesh bba faculty
stamford university bangladesh bba cost
stamford university bangladesh bba tuition fees
stamford university bangladesh bba total cost
stamford university bangladesh bba
stamford university bangladesh bba syllabus
stamford university bangladesh bd
stamford university bangladesh cse department
stamford university bangladesh civil department
stamford university bangladesh cost
stamford university bangladesh career
stamford university bangladesh contact number
stamford university bangladesh certificate
stamford university bangladesh credit transfer
stamford university bangladesh class schedule
stamford university bangladesh dhaka
stamford university bangladesh dhanmondi
stamford university bangladesh department of english
stamford university bangladesh dhanmondi campus address

Bangladesh Supreme Court


Bangladesh Supreme Court is the highest court of Bangladesh . Chapter VI of the Constitution of Bangladesh contains legal provisions regarding the establishment of the Supreme Court. According to Article 100 of the Constitution, the Supreme Court is located in Ramna, Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh.It is commonly known as the High Court; Because before 1971, the activities of the High Court of East Pakistan were conducted in this building .

Supreme Court of Bangladesh
বাংলাদেশ সুপ্রীম কোর্ট
বাংলাদেশ সুপ্রীম কোর্টের সিলমোহর.svgSupreme Court of Bangladesh Logo
LocationRamnaDhaka 1000, Bangladesh
Coordinates23.730777°N 90.402458°ECoordinates23.730777°N 90.402458°E
Authorized byConstitution of Bangladesh
Judge term lengthMandatory retirement at 67 years of age.
Number of positions6 in Appellate Division 97 in High Court Division

The structure 

Article 94 of the sixth chapter of the Constitution of Bangladesh contains legal provisions regarding the establishment of the Supreme Court. Article (1) of this section states that there shall be a Supreme Court of Bangladesh called "Bangladesh Supreme Court" and shall consist of the Appellate Division and the High Court Division. This section (1) of that Article, " the Chief Justice and each section to take the seat of the President as the number of judges to appoint shall be required, with the other judges of the Supreme Court shall consist of a number of such"; It is further stated that the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court is " the Chief Justice of BangladeshThe next paragraph states, "Judges appointed to the Chief Justice and the Appellate Division shall occupy seats only in that division and other judges shall occupy seats in the High Court Division only." You will be free to observe. ”  

Pursuant to Article 100 of the Constitution , the permanent seat of the Supreme Court shall be located in Dhaka , the capital of Bangladesh . Can be


According to the provisions of the Constitution, the Supreme Court of Bangladesh has two divisions - the Appellate Division and the High Court Division .

Article 101 of the Constitution defines the jurisdiction of the High Court. Section 103 describes the jurisdiction of the Appellate Division.

The High Court Division hears appeals from lower courts and tribunals. In addition, writ petitions under Article 102 of the Constitution of Bangladesh, and the Company and the Army have core jurisdiction in certain limited cases as matters. The Appellate Division has jurisdiction to hear appeals from the High Court Division. The Supreme Court can rule against the government in cases that are independent of the executive branch and politically controversial.


The Chief Justice may constitute a bench of the High Court consisting of one or more judges.


The appointment of judges of the Bangladesh Supreme Court has been discussed in Article 95 of the Constitution of Bangladesh. 95. (1) The Chief Justice shall be appointed by the President and the President shall appoint other judges in consultation with the Chief Justice. Article 48 (3) of the Constitution states, "The President shall act in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister in carrying out all his other duties except in the case of appointment of the Prime Minister under Article 57 (3) of the Constitution and the appointment of the Chief Justice under Article 95 (1)." In other words, the President is not obliged to take the advice of the Prime Minister in appointing the Chief Justice.

The qualification to be appointed as an additional judge in the High Court Division for the first two years is to be an advocate registered with the Supreme Court Bar Association for a specified period and an additional judge appointed to the Judicial Service under Article 96 of the Constitution. At present this ratio is 00% - 00%. Upon successful completion of this term and on the recommendation of the Chief Justice, the President appoints an additional judge permanently in accordance with Article 95 of the Constitution . Judges of the Appellate Division are appointed by the President under the same provision. All appointments are effective from the date of taking oath in accordance with the provisions of Article 147 of the Constitution. A judge of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh will be a judge as extended by the provisions of the Constitution (thirteen) up to 7 years as amended Act 2004 (14 of 2004).

Supreme Court judges 

Main article: Judges of the Bangladesh Supreme Court

As of July 2020, there are 103 judges working in the Supreme Court of Bangladesh. Of them, 6 are in the Appellate Division and 98 in the High Court Division. There are 6 permanent judges and 9 additional judges working in the High Court Division. 3 of them are working in the International Criminal Court.

International Criminal Court judges 

For more information see: International Criminal Tribunal (Bangladesh) : Judges of the International Criminal Court


Despite the fact that Bengali is the only state language under the Constitution of Bangladesh and in violation of the Bengali Language Act, 197 , the Supreme Court's judgment is still criticized in English as it was during the British colonial rule.  The Prime Minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina has called for the judgment of the Supreme Court to be written in Bengali, saying, "The judgment should be written in the language we all understand. And you can write the verdict in Bengali and translate it into English. ”  Former Chief Justice of Bangladesh Muhammad Habibur Rahman wrote, "If justice is a virtue and if it works for the welfare of the people, then it should be in the language of the people."However, "I say openly that if the people of the country want all the work of the Supreme Court of their country to be in their language, the judges will not want to voluntarily hand over Bengal until their representatives pass the law in Parliament."

Controversial Events 

Prior to his appointment as Justice, Justice AKM Asaduzzaman and Justice SM Emdadul Haque were central members (Rukn) of Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami . [ Citation needed ]

On 16 February 2013, Justice Md. On behalf of Mizanur Rahman Bhuiyan, his son-in-law Siddiqur Rahman Hawladar went to the judges' chambers of the High Court and came in a Supreme Court envelope with a report calling blogger Rajib Haider an apostate . Justice Mizanur Rahman Bhuiyan's resignation was demanded due to propaganda against blogger Ahmed Rajib Haider.

bangladesh supreme court bar association
bangladesh supreme court website
bangladesh supreme court notice
bangladesh supreme court cause list
bangladesh supreme court high court division
bangladesh supreme court news
bangladesh supreme court logo
bangladesh supreme court dhaka
bangladesh supreme court job circular
bangladesh supreme court annex building dhaka
bangladesh supreme court association
bangladesh supreme court address
bangladesh supreme court appellate division
bangladesh supreme court advocate list
bangladesh supreme court application form
bangladesh supreme court apps
bangladesh supreme court appellate division case list
the bangladesh supreme court
bangladesh supreme court building
bangladesh supreme court bd
bangladesh supreme court bail confirmation
bangladesh supreme court bar association election 2020
bangladesh supreme court bar association members list
bangladesh supreme court bar association member directory
bangladesh supreme court job circular 2020
bangladesh supreme court calendar 2020
bangladesh supreme court case search
bangladesh supreme court calendar 2020 pdf
bangladesh supreme court calendar 2019
bangladesh supreme
bangladesh supreme court cost list
bangladesh supreme court chief justice
bangladesh supreme court digest
bangladesh supreme court daily cause list
bangladesh supreme court appellate division cause list
bangladesh supreme court high court division cause list
bangladesh supreme court job exam result
bangladesh supreme court bar association election 2019
bangladesh supreme court bar association election 2018
bangladesh supreme court bar association election
bangladesh supreme court job application form
bangladesh supreme court job application form download
supreme court of bangladesh
bangladesh supreme court
bangladesh supreme
bangladesh supreme court
attorney general bangladesh supreme court
registrar general of bangladesh supreme court
bangladesh supreme court high court division dhaka

Bangladesh Coast Guard


Coast Guard Bangladesh (Bengali means: Bangladesh coast guard ) in the coastal areas of the sea to a law enforcement agency . The agency protects the security and discipline of the coastal region and the national interest by enforcing various national and international laws. This paramilitary force is under the Ministry of Home Affairs . Its officers migrated from the Bangladesh Navy. Its headquarters is located in Dhaka. The force currently has 3,339 coastguards and 57 ships.

 Bangladesh coast guard
Symbol of Bangladesh Coast Guard.svgSymbol of Bangladesh Coast Guard
Active1995 - Present
Country Bangladesh
TypeCoast Guard
Size3339+ workers
Coast Guard HeadquartersDhaka , Bangladesh
MottoGuardian of the sea


Since the independence of Bangladesh, the navy has been playing the role of Coast Guard as an additional responsibility. This would have disrupted his own activities and caused some legal problems. To address this problem, the government passed a law in Parliament to form a Coast Guard , known as the Coast Guard Act 1994 . The Bangladesh Coast Guard was formally formed on 14 February 1995 and began its operations in December 1995 with a combination of two patrol vessels borrowed from the Navy.


The Bangladesh Coast Guard operates through a headquarters. The controlled area of ​​the organization is divided into four zones. These are: - East Zone (Chittagong), West Zone (Bagerhat), South Zone (Bhola) and Dhaka Zone.  

The head of the Coast Guard is called the Director General . The current chief is Rear Admiral M Ashraful Haque.

Duties and responsibilities 

Bangladesh is working as a coastal discipline and security force.

Offshore Patrol Vessel4
Fast Attack Craft (Gun)4
Coastal Patrol Craft5
Riverine Patrol Craft6
Defender-class boat35
Metal shark boat9
Aluminum Workboat6
Harbour Patrol Boat4

bangladesh coast guard ships
bangladesh coast guard logo
bangladesh coast guard circular 2020
bangladesh coast guard rank
bangladesh coast guard headquarters
bangladesh coast guard tender notice
bangladesh coast guard address
bangladesh coast guard act 2016
bangladesh coast guard act 1994
bangladesh coast guard admit card 2019
bangladesh coast guard act 2016 in english
bangladesh coast guard act
about bangladesh coast guard
bangladesh coast guard boats
bangladesh coast
bangladesh coast guard circular 2019
bangladesh coast guard chittagong
bangladesh coast guard circular
bangladesh coast guard contact
bangladesh coast guard circular 2018
bangladesh coast guard chief
bangladesh coast guard job circular 2019
bangladesh coast guard dg
bangladesh coast guard director general
bangladesh coast guard dhaka
bangladesh coast guard dg name
bangladesh coast guard equipment
bangladesh coast guard east zone
bangladesh coast guard exam result
bangladesh coast guard exam question
bangladesh coast guard force
bangladesh coast guard helicopter
bangladesh coast guard job circular
bangladesh coast guard job circular 2020
bangladesh coast guard job circular 2018
bangladesh coast guard job
bangladesh coast guard job 2019
join bangladesh coast guard
bangladesh coast guard officer list
bangladesh coast guard monogram
bangladesh coast guard notice
coast guard of bangladesh
chief of bangladesh coast guard
director general of bangladesh coast guard
bangladesh coast guard pic
bangladesh coast guard wikipedia

Bangladesh Ansar


Bangladesh Ansar and VDP is a force formed for the internal security, law enforcement and protection of Bangladesh. It is managed by the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh . Ansar is an Arabic word meaning person who helps and especially those who help the emigrants who migrated from Mecca to Medina with Muhammad (pbuh) . At present this force consists of three forces. They are General Ansar, Battalion Ansar, Village Defense Force (VDP) respectively.

Bangladesh Ansar
Monogram of Ansar and VDP forces.svg
Active(1947 – present)
CountryPakistan (1947–1981) Bangladesh (1971 – present) 
TypeInternal security , law enforcement
SizeAbout 5,740,000
Garrison / HeadquartersDhaka , Bangladesh
AnniversaryMarch 26
ToolsThree Knot Rifle, Shotgun, 6.62mm Semi Automatic China Rifle
WarsBangladesh's war of independence
Decoration1. The best of the heroes. Bir Uttam3. Bir Bikram4. The symbol of heroism
Director GeneralMajor General Kazi Sharif Kaikobad 


The stated missions of Ansar are:

To assist Government or Any Authority under Government in matters of Public Security  

To take part in any public welfare activities as per the Government's instructions to improve socio-economic conditions of the country.

To assist Law Enforcement agencies in metropolitan and industrial security.

To assist Bangladesh Armed Forces in national defense during war; 

To provide security to national VIPs, CIPs and diplomats as per the Government's instructions.

To take part in any disaster management activities as per the Government's instructions.

The members of Ansar also participate in education expansion programs, tree plantation, population control, women's empowerment, and sanitation activities


During the partition of India in 1947, some members of the Indian Guard, who later became citizens of Pakistan, withdrew from there and formed the Ansar force. In 1948, East Pakistan by the laws of the Ansar Ansar forces in East Pakistan Ansar formed as the second in February 1948 and officially emerged.

 Freedom of the East 

During Bangladesh's war of independence in 1971, most Ansar members joined the Awami League-led Liberation Army as guerrilla members to fight against the Pakistani army. After the independence of Bangladesh, the Ansar Air Force was reorganized by Bangladesh law. The government of President Ziaur Rahman nominated the Ansar Bahini as the people's defense force , emphasizing the role of the Ansar Bahini .

Change the name 

Recently, the proposal to change the name of Bangladesh Ansar and VDP forces to Bangladesh National Guard is being reviewed.


Bangladesh Ansar publishes monthly, quarterly and bi-monthly publications from VDP Academy .

  • A monthly reporting magazine or magazine titled Prevention .

bangladesh ansar panel list 2020
bangladesh ansar rank
bangladesh ansar job circular 2019
bangladesh ansar logo
bangladesh ansar vdp job circular 2019
bangladesh ansar circular 2020
bangladesh ansar and vdp academy
bangladesh ansar uniform
bangladesh ansar vdp
bangladesh ansar and vdp
bangladesh ansar academy
bangladesh ansar ansar vdp rank
bangladesh ansar and vdp job circular 2019
bangladesh ansar admit card
bangladesh ansar and gram protirokkha bahini
bangladesh ansar academy shafipur
bangladesh ansar battalion
bangladesh ansar battalion job circular 2020
bangladesh ansar battalion rank
bangladesh ansar bahini
bangladesh ansar battalion job circular 2019
bangladesh ansar battalion salary
bangladesh ansar battalion circular 2018
bangladesh ansar battalion circular 2019
bangladesh ansar circular
bangladesh ansar circular 2019
bangladesh ansar chittagong
bangladesh ansar job circular
bangladesh ansar dg
bangla dhadha answer
bangladesh ansar v d p
bangladesh ansar bahini dhaka
bangladesh ansar vdp dg
bangladesh ansar vdp details
bangladesh ansar admit card download
bangladesh ansar vdp admit card download
dg ansar vdp bangladesh
dg ansar bangladesh
bangladesh ansar exam result
bangladesh ansar vdp exam question
bangladesh ansar vdp exam result 2019
bangladesh ansar vdp exam result
bangladesh ansar force
bangladesh ansar full movie
bangladesh ansar vdp facebook
bangladesh ansar vdp application form
bangladesh ansar job application form
bangladesh ansar gaan
ansar bangla gaan
ansar bangla gana
bangladesh ansar o gram protirokkha bahini
bangladesh ansar o gram protirokha bahini

Israel-Bangladesh relations



Bangladesh Passport is applicable to all countries of the world except Israel

Bangladesh does not recognize Israel as a moral state and Bangladeshi nationals are officially banned from traveling to Israel. Bangladesh passport is valid for travel to all countries of the world except Israel.  In November 2003, Bangladeshi journalist Saleh Chowdhury was sentenced to seven years in prison for trying to enter Israel.Bangladesh supports a sovereign Palestinian state and demands an end to Israel's "illegal occupation of Palestine.

মানচিত্র Israel এবং Bangladesh অবস্থান নির্দেশ করছে


Bangladesh is the only country in the world that has banned all forms of direct and indirect trade with Israel, although both are members of the World Trade Organization

According to a 2014 survey, goods worth ৭৭ 256 were exported from Bangladesh to Israel in the 2013-2014 fiscal year, despite having no diplomatic or trade relations.

Bangladesh Liberation War 

Israel is one of the first countries to recognize Bangladesh in the aftermath of Bangladesh's war of independence .Israel recognized Bangladesh even before the Arab countries recognized it.The Israeli government and Israeli citizens all supported Bangladesh in its war of independence. In the post-independence period, Israel formally recognized the newly independent Bangladesh, which the Bangladesh government neutrally rejected.

israel bangladesh relations
israel bangladesh relationship
israel and bangladesh relations
bangladesh relations with israel

bangladesh israel
bangladesh israel visa
bangladesh israel passport
bangladesh israel friendship
bangladesh israel trade
bangladesh israeli passport
bangladesh israel news
bangladesh israel history
bangladesh israel relations
bangladesh and israel
bangladesh and israel relations
bangladesh and israel relationship
bangladesh international airport israel
does bangladesh accept israel
relation between bangladesh and israel
bangladesh boycott israel
does bangladesh boycott israel
bangladesh passport except israel
israel embassy bangladesh
bangladesh e israel
bangladesh israel friendship society
bangladesh to israel flight
israel film bangladesh
bangladesh embassy in israel
israel in bangladesh
bangladesh high commission in israel
bangladesh vs israel military power
israel on bangladesh
does bangladesh recognize israel
does bangladesh recognise israel
israel recognized bangladesh
bangladesh israel relationship

Indonesia-Bangladesh relations


Bangladesh-Indonesia relations refers to the bilateral relations between Bangladesh and Indonesia. Indonesia is the largest Muslim country in the world, while Bangladesh is the third largest Muslim country in the world. The two countries are members of the United Nations and many other multinational organizations, most notably the United Nations International Peacekeeping Committee, the six developing countries, the Non-Aligned Movement, the World Trade Organization and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). Bangladesh has embassies in Jakarta and Indonesia has embassies in Dhaka. After Indonesia recognized Bangladesh as one of the Muslim countries in the world, diplomatic relations were formally established between Bangladesh and Indonesia in 1972. 


After secession from Pakistan, in 1971, along with non-Arab Muslim countries like Malaysia, Turkey and Afghanistan, Indonesia immediately recognized Bangladesh. Immediately after the independence of 1971, Bangladesh later established diplomatic relations with Indonesia and the activities of both embassies started from May 1972.

Country comparison 

CountryBangladesh BangladeshIndonesia Indonesia
Area147,570 square kilometres (56,980 sq mi)1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 sq mi)
Population162,951,560 (2016)261,115,456 (2016)
Pop. density1,106 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,860/sq mi)138 inhabitants per square kilometre (360/sq mi)
Largest cityDhaka – 14,399,000 (20,000,000 Metro)Jakarta – 10,075,310 (30,214,303 Metro)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicUnitary presidential constitutional republic
Language(s)Bengali (official)Indonesian (official)
Religions90.39% Islam, 12.1% Hinduism, 0.6% Buddhism, 0.4% Christianity, 0.3% others87.2% Islam, 9.9% Christianity, 1.7% Hinduism, 0.7% Buddhism, 0.2% Confucianism
Ethnic groups98.0% Bengalis, 2.0% Minorities (Garo, Khasi, Meitei, Rohingya, Santal, Tripuri, etc.)42.6% Javanese, 15.4% Sundanese, 3.4% Malays, 3.3% Madurese, 3% Batak, 2.7% Minangkabau, 2.5% Betawi, 2.4% Bugis, etc.
GDP$0.286 trillion (nominal, 2018); $0.752 trillion (PPP, 2018)$1.074 trillion (nominal, 2018); $3.492 trillion (PPP, 2018)
GDP per capita$1,751 (nominal, 2018); $4,562 (PPP, 2018)$4,051 (nominal, 2018); $13,162 (PPP, 2018)
GDP growth rate7.8% (2018)5.1% (2017)
Main industriesTextiles, pharmaceuticals, electronics, shipbuildingPalm oil, coal, petroleum, textiles
Labor force109 million (2017)125 million (2016)
HDI0.608 (Medium)0.707 (High)


Indonesia have recently signed a deal with a Bangladesh pharmaceutical company to export its goods to their country where Bangladesh sees another potential market for its pharmaceutical products. Trade between the two countries amounted to US$1.53 billion in 2017. 

Bangladesh Embassy in Indonesia

Name of Mission:Embassy of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Jakarta.
Chancery Address:Embassy of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Jl. Jaya Mandala Raya No.93, Menteng Dalam, Tebet, Jakarta Selatan 12780, Indonesia
International phone code:+62-21 (Jakarta)
Telephone:+62-21 228 35 476, +62-21 228 35 477 (PABX)+62-87770066889 (24 hrs. emergency hotline)
Fax:+62-21-285 43 765
Web, (for consular services)
Office Time:08.30 a.m. - 04.30 p.m. (Monday to Friday)
Local Time:GMT+ 7 hrs
Weekly Holidays:Saturday and Sunday
Opening date of the Mission:29 May 1972

Indonesia Embassy in Bangladesh

Address: 53, Plot No. 14, Location, Rd No - 25, Dhaka 1212, Phone: +880258812260

bangladesh indonesia
bangladesh indonesia currency
bangladesh indonesia translate
bangladesh indonesia embassy
bangladesh indonesia visa
bangladesh indonesia map
bangladesh indonesia bilateral trade
bangladesh indonesian language
bangladesh indonesia relations
bangladesh and indonesia
bangladesh and indonesia map
bangladesh and indonesia time difference
bangladesh to indonesia air ticket price
bangladesh to indonesia air ticket
bangladesh to indonesia airlines
bangladesh embassy in indonesia address
indonesia and bangladesh currency
bangladesh to indonesia bali package tour
bangladesh bahasa indonesia
bangladesh beli bus indonesia
kereta api bangladesh buatan indonesia
indonesia-bangladesh chamber of commerce & industry
bangladesh vs indonesia currency
bangladesh to indonesia call rate
bangladesh taka convert indonesia
bangladesh high commission indonesia
bangladesh to indonesia flight cost
bangladesh to indonesia travel cost
bangladesh to indonesia distance
orang bangladesh di indonesia
indonesia bangladesh time difference
kedutaan besar bangladesh di indonesia
bangladesh to indonesia time distance
bangladesh to indonesia flight duration
bangladesh dan indonesia
bangladesh di indonesia
bangladesh embassy indonesia jakarta
bangladesh vs indonesia economy
e bangladesh
bangladesh to indonesia flight
bangladesh to indonesia flight ticket price
bangladesh to indonesia flight time
bangladesh to indonesia flight price
bangladesh vs indonesia football
bangladesh visa for indonesia
bangladesh hina indonesia
bangladesh embassy in indonesia
bangladesh embassy in indonesia jakarta
bangladesh currency in indonesia
bangladesh ambassador in indonesia
bangladesh high commission in indonesia
jarak bangladesh indonesia

Bangladesh Betar


Bangladesh Betar is the state radio company of Bangladesh . From 1975 to 1996 it was known as Radio Bangladesh .


Radio broadcasting in this region started in DhakaBangladesh on December 16, 1939. At first the center was set up in old Dhaka. The center was later shifted to Shahbag . Radio played an important role in the 1971 war of independence of Bangladesh . The Declaration of Independence was broadcast on Radio Pakistan on March 26, 1971. It was heard from a Japanese ship anchored in the port of Chittagong and was rebroadcast . During the war it was an independent Bengali radio station Was known as. The radio station was relocated several times due to heavy shelling. Finally, it was shifted to Calcutta on May 25, from where the program was broadcast for the rest of the war. On December 6, the radio station was renamed Bangladesh Betar.

Bangladesh Betar logo.jpg
Bangladesh Betar Headquarters at Shahbag, Dhaka (01) .jpg
TypeNational Public Broadcaster
EstablishedAugust 26, 1926
Head officeShahbag , Dhaka
Place of preachingNational
OwnershipGovernment of Bangladesh
Start dateDecember 16, 1939
InclusionWorld Radio Network


At the Jatiya Betar Bhaban in Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh Betar broadcasts programs on Dhaka A, B and C channels and FM, as well as the programs of Bangladesh Betar with 12 regional centers. In addition, the program abroad produces programs in 5 (five) foreign languages ​​for Bengali as well as SAARC South Asia, the Middle East and Europe. Apart from AM, it also broadcasts FM's own programs in Dhaka and regional centers. In addition to FM programs, it currently broadcasts programs on BBC Bangla , Deutsche Welle , Radio China and NHK .


CenterFrequency (kHz)MetersPower (kW)Broadcast time
Dhaka-A৬৯৩৪৩২.৯০১০০০08: 30-12: 10 and 14: 30-23: 30
Dhaka-B৮১৯৪৭৬.১৯১০০00: 00-03: 00, 08: 30-06: 45 and 09: 00-23: 10
Chittagong৮৭৩৩৪৩.৬৪১০০08: 30-10: 00 and 12: 00-23: 10
Rajshahi১০৮০২৭৭.৭৭১০08: 30-10: 00 and 12: 00-23: 10
Bogra৮৪৬৩৫৪.৬০১০০08: 30-10: 00 and 12: 00-23: 10
Khulna৫৫৮৫৩৭.৬৩১০০08: 30-10: 00 and 12: 00-23: 10
Rangpur১০৫৩২৮৪.৯০১০08: 30-10: 00 and 14: 00-23: 10
Sylhet৯৬৩৩১১.৫২২০08: 30-10: 00 and 14: 00-23: 10
Cox's Bazar১৩১৪২২৮.৩১১০১১:৪৫-১৬:৪৫


CenterFrequency (kHz)MetersPower (kW)Broadcast time
FM 100, Dhaka১০০.০৩.০০১৩:০০-১৬:০০
FM, Dhaka৯৭.৬৩.০৭০৬:৩০-১২:০০; ১৪:১৫-২৩:১৫
FM 7.8, traffic activities৮৮.৮৩.৩৮১০০৮:০০-২০:০০
FM 90.0, traffic activities৯০.০৩.৩৩১০০৮:০০-২০:০০
FM 95.0 (Domestic)৯৫.০১৭:৩০-২২:০০
FM, Chittagong১০৫.৫২.৮৫০৬:৩০-১০:০০; ১৯:০০-২৩:১০
FM, Khulna১০২.০২.৯৪০৬:৩০-১০:০০; ১৯:০০-২৩:১০
FM, Rajshahi১০৪.০২.৮৮০৬:৩০-১০:০০; ১৯:০০-২৩:১০
FM, Rajshahi১০৫.০২.৮৬০৬:৩০-১০:০০; ১৯:০০-২৩:১০
FM, Rangpur১০৫.০২.৮৬০৬:৩০-১০:০০; ১৯:০০-২৩:১০
FM, Comilla103.6 and 101.2২.৯৬০৬:৩০-১০:০০; ১৭:০০-২৩:১০
FM, Thakurgaon৯২.০৩.২৬১৬:০০-২৩:১০

bangladesh betar dhaka
bangladesh betar radio
bangladesh betar rajshahi
bangladesh betar frequency
bangladesh betar rangpur
bangladesh betar result
bangladesh betar sylhet
bangladesh betar khulna live
bangladesh betar live
bangladesh betar am
bangladesh betar admit card
bangladesh betar app
bangladesh betar address
bangladesh betar app download
bangladesh betar agargaon dhaka
bangladesh betar archive
bangladesh betar admit card 2019
bangladesh betar barisal
bangladesh betar bandarban
bangladesh betar notice board
bangladesh betar cox's bazar
bangladesh betar question bank
bangladesh betar bd
bangladesh betar bangladesh
bangladesh betar chittagong
bangladesh betar chittagong live
bangladesh betar chattogram
bangladesh betar comilla
bangladesh betar ctg
bangladesh betar circular 2020
bangladesh betar dhaka live
bangladesh betar dhaka kha
bangladesh betar dhaka fm

bangladesh betar dhaka location
bangladesh betar dhaka online
bangladesh betar dhaka quran tilawat
bangladesh betar dhaka frequency
dg bangladesh betar
bangladesh betar exam result 2020
bangladesh betar exam result
bangladesh betar exam result 2019
bangladesh betar english news
bangladesh betar exam question
bangladesh betar exam question solution
bangladesh betar exam date
bangladesh betar exam question 2019
bangladesh betar fm
bangladesh betar fm 88.8 live
bangladesh betar final result 2019
bangladesh betar facebook
bangladesh betar gopalganj
bangladesh betar gov bd
bangladesh betar director general
www.bangladesh result
bangladesh betar head office
bangladesh betar hifzul quran mp3
bangladesh betar hifzul quran
bangladesh betar history
bangladesh betar home
bangladesh betar information
bangladesh betar log in
bangladesh betar job circular
bangladesh betar job circular 2020
bangladesh betar job result 2020
bangladesh betar job circular 2019
bangladesh betar job circular 2019 pdf
bangladesh betar job
bangladesh betar job circular 2018
bangladesh betar job result 2019
bangladesh betar khulna
bangladesh betar khulna am live
bangladesh betar kendro
bangladesh betar kalurghat chittagong
bangladesh betar khulna apps
bangladesh betar khabar
bangladesh betar khulna audition 2019
bangladesh betar live quran tilawat
bangladesh betar logo
bangladesh betar live 88.8
bangladesh betar live cricket commentary
bangladesh betar login
bangladesh betar location
bangladesh betar logo vector
bangladesh betar mymensingh
bangladesh betar mcq result 2019
bangladesh betar mcq questions
bangladesh betar mlss result 2019

Bangladesh-Ireland relations


Bangladesh-Ireland relations refers to the bilateral relations between Bangladesh and Ireland . Both Bangladesh and Ireland were part of the British Empire , but Bangladesh is a Commonwealth Republic , with the Republic of Ireland becoming a republic outside the Commonwealth of Nations on 16 April 1999 , subject to the 1948 Act .

Economic Relations 

Bangladesh and Ireland have shown mutual interest in expanding bilateral economic activities between the two countries and both countries have taken necessary steps to expand existing trade and investment. Many Irish companies have expressed interest in investing in Bangladesh in the promising sector. 

In 2009, an Irish trade delegation led by former Irish Minister for Investment and Coordination Conor Lenihan visited Bangladesh to explore possible ways to increase bilateral trade and investment. Ireland has shown interest in recruiting skilled IT professionals from Bangladesh.


There are small groups of Bangladeshi immigrants in Ireland. In 2014, 99 Bangladeshis applied for asylum in Ireland, and in 2015 the number rose to 231. Some Bangladeshis are illegal immigrants. Bangladesh-origin Maksuda Akhter won the Mrs. Ireland Beauty Pageant 2014.

Diplomatic relations 

Ireland and Bangladesh do not have resident ambassadors to each other's countries. The Irish Ambassador to India is also cross-recognized in Bangladesh. The High Commissioner of Bangladesh to the United Kingdom is also recognized as the Ambassador to Ireland.

bangladesh ireland west indies tri series
bangladesh ireland t20
bangladesh ireland match
bangladesh ireland series 2019
bangladesh ireland live score
bangladesh ireland series
bangladesh ireland cricket
bangladesh ireland live match
bangladesh ireland and west indies tri series
bangladesh ireland and west indies
bangladesh ireland and west indies series
bangladesh and ireland cricket match live
bangladesh and ireland series
bangladesh and ireland live score
bangladesh and ireland match
bangladesh and ireland cricket match
bangladesh a ireland live score
bangladesh a vs ireland live score
bangladesh a vs ireland
bangladesh a ireland a
bangladesh a squad for ireland
bangladesh a tour of ireland 2018
bangladesh banam ireland
bangladesh bonam ireland
bangladesh banam ireland live
bangladesh banam ireland live cricket
bangladesh banam ireland live score
bangladesh banam ireland cricket
bangladesh banam ireland cricket match
bangladesh banam ireland cricket live
bangladesh ireland live
bangladesh ireland cricket match
bangladesh ireland cricket live
bangladesh ireland cricket match live
bangladesh ireland cricket score
bangladesh ireland cricket live score
bangladesh ireland cricket khela
bangladesh ireland cricket series
bangladesh ireland dream11 team
bangladesh vs ireland dream11 team
bangladesh vs ireland dream11
bangladesh vs ireland dream11 prediction
bangladesh ireland one day match
bangladesh ireland one day
bangladesh ireland one day series
bangladesh ireland one day match live
bangladesh embassy ireland
bangladesh vs ireland espn
bangladesh vs ireland fixture
bangladesh vs ireland final
bangladesh vs ireland final match
bangladesh vs ireland final result
bangladesh squad for ireland
bangladesh squad for ireland tri series
bangladesh west indies ireland fixture
bangladesh ireland series 2019 fixture
bangladesh vs ireland gtv live
bangladesh vs ireland live gazi tv

Bangladesh-Italy relations


Bangladesh-Italy relations are related to the foreign relations of Bangladesh and Italy . Bangladesh is maintaining the embassy in Rome and Italy has an embassy in Dhaka .


Italy officially established relations with Bangladesh in 1972. In 1974, Italy was one of the sponsors of Bangladesh's admission to the United Nations. In 2014, the Prime Minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina paid a state visit to Italy.

Education and technical assistance 

In 2000, an agreement on "Scientific and Technological Cooperation" was signed between Bangladesh and Italy. Under the agreement, the two countries have been exchanging study grants with scientists, researchers and technologists. Italy continues to recruit an average of 25 Bangladeshi researchers a year to study at the Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics.

Economic Relations 

Bangladesh and Italy have formed the 'Italy-Bangladesh Chamber of Commerce and Industry (IBCCI)' to strengthen bilateral economic ties. Between 2000 and 2008, bilateral trade between the two countries increased by more than 200%. Total bilateral trade stood at 1.26 billion as of 2012, of which Bangladesh's exports to Italy stood at ০ 1.036 billion. Bangladesh's main export items to Italy are frozen food, agricultural products, tea, leather, raw jute, jute products, knitwear, knitted garments etc. Italy's major export items include machinery, electronic goods, vehicles, aircraft, ships and related transportation equipment.

Bangladesh Embassy in Rome, Italy

Name of Mission:Embassy of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Rome
Chancery Address:via dell'Antartide 7, 00144, Rome Italy.
International phone code:+39-06 (Rome)
Web (visa section)
Office Time:0900hrs to 1700 hrs.  (Monday to Friday),
Local Time:GMT + 1 hr in winter (from last Sunday of October to last Saturday ofMarch)
Summer- GMT + 2 hrs (from last Sunday of March to last Saturday ofOctober)
Weekly Holidays:Saturday and Sunday
Opening date of the Mission:January 1973

Bangladesh Embassy in Milan, Italy

Name of Mission:Consulate General of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Milan
Chancery Address:Via Giambellino-7, 20146, Milan, Italy
International phone code:+39-02 (Milan)
Facebook  page:
Office Time:0900 to 1700 hrs (Monday to Friday)
Local Time:GMT + 1 hr in winter (from last Sunday of October to last Saturday of March)
GMT + 2 hrs in summer (from last Sunday of March to last Saturday of October)
Weekly Holidays:Saturday and Sunday
Opening date of the Mission:05 May 2011

Italy Embassy in Dhaka,Bangladesh

Address: Plot No 2/3, 79 Rd No 74, Dhaka 1212, Phone: +88029842782

bangladesh italy
bangladesh italy flight
bangladesh italy embassy phone number
bangladesh italy relations
bangladesh italy news
bangladesh italy embassy
bangladesh italy embassy dhaka
bangladesh airport italy
bangladesh ambassador italy
bangladesh and italy
bangladesh and italy time difference
bangladesh association italy
bangladesh to italy air ticket price
bangladesh embassy rome italy appointment
biman bangladesh airlines italy
italy bangladesh bit
italy ban bangladesh
bangladesh italy corona
italy bangladesh chamber of commerce & industry
bangladesh consulate italy
italy bangladesh chamber of commerce
bangladesh consulate italy milan
bangladesh to italy call rate
italy-bangladesh developments limited
bangladesh to italy distance
bangladesh italy time difference
bangladesh embassy italy rome delivery
bangladesh to italy time distance
bangladesh embassy italy milano delivery
bangladesh embassy italy rome
bangladesh embassy italy milan
bangladesh embassy in italy rome
bangladesh to italy flight time

Bangladesh's 4122 Crore Taka housing project for Freedom Fighters - BD News Net

 The  Bangladesh government will build houses for widows and children of indigent freedom fighters, martyrs and late heroic freedom fighters...